Positive Impact Of Music Therapy For Patients With Brain Injuries 

Music Therapy
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Introduction

Music is an art form that is deeply rooted into the human culture, civilization, heritage and customs throughout the decades. As mentioned by Reddy et al. (2017), music has an immense effect on human brains and music listening in innumerable forms can provide soothing and calming effect, even helps in alleviating sadness, anxiety and depression, with improvement in value of life. Research studies across the world have shown that music therapy has been playing a vital and important role in managing patients with traumatic and major brain injuries. Even in rehabilitation centers, music therapy has shown success and that has been promoting rehabilitation of motor abilities and speech abilities through singing, music movements and playing of instruments. According to the opinion of Magee et al.(2017), with severe brain injuries, it causes impairments in language, cognition, motor functionality as well as sensory processing with emotional disturbance, those may severely reduce the survivor’s life span and quality. This neurologic music therapy has been the clinical approach, which is done on the basis of neuroscience research based on perception and production of music. Music therapy has the clinical approach that has been improving severe brain injury patients over the years to bring-back senses of the patients for better improvement in life quality. The research aim is discussing about positive impact of music therapy that has on the patients suffering from brain injuries.

Positive Impact Of Music Therapy For Patients With Brain Injuries

Music is considered as the basic and oldest method of socio-cognitive domains among the human species. As mentioned by Stegemann et al. (2019), music has been fulfilling the different evolutionary functionalities like cooperation, coordination, social cohesion and communication. Music has been playing an eminent role in cognitive, social and emotional development among humans. Throughout the history of human culture, it is seen, every generation of human progression and evolution, music in any form has been an important aspect of human race. Many assignment help UK team accepted, people from immemorial time has been playing and enjoying music and human brain has been engaging into diverse cogitative processes with music. Raglio et al. (2017) had stated that memory, learning, emotion, cognition, action and perception have been the ideal tools those are being engaged in investigating and churning the human brain workings. Music involves diverse functionalities of brain activities those include acoustic analysis and auditory scene and memory analysis with processing semantics’ and musical syntax. Not only in human culture, music plays an important role, but also in different treatments, music plays a vital role.

Figure 1: Auditory System Triggered with Using Music Therapy

(Source: Reddy et al. 2017)

Music therapy and musical interventions have been a rising treatment aspect and treatment method that is utilized for treating the disorders. As mentioned by Kučikienė and Praninskienė (2018), diverse neural responses trigger different brain activities like pitch, roughness, timbre, intercultural disparities and intensity. With using pre-processing, it facilitates allowing easy registration of the auditory signals regarding dangers at the thalamus and superior colliculus levels. The brain areas have been quite complex, which has been involving the music perception that is showing strong impact on the diverse brain functionalities. The active therapy used in music is done based while improvising music used by the patients and therapists. According to the opinion of Siponkoski et al. (2020), using of instruments have been structuring with involvement of the sensory organs. With use of passive music therapy, using instruments that helps structuring and involving the sensory organs. It helps involving the melodic and rhythmic components those helps using the specified stimuli for obtaining the emotional and motor responses as well.  To know more about motor response and spinal cord activity for your assignments, take immediate assistance from do my assignment experts of SourceEssay.

Figure 2:Auditory Cortical Activation on Listening to Music

(Source: Reddy et al. 2017)

Music therapy plays an important role in curing patients suffering from brain injuries. The music therapy exercises are used for increasing communication and speed, regaining the movements as well as muscle controls and also for promoting cognition. As stated in Southpoint (2021), “increased speed as well as communication” is one of the pivotal roles played by music therapy for curing and soothing patients suffering from brain injuries. The brain injury patients that have been unable in talking and also helps ability in singing the benefits from both music and song improvising. With singing, it helps in improving verbal communication and also helps in breath controlling as well as speech timing. The singing as well as music improvising helps in providing outlets regarding expressing the feelings those experienced by the patients with expression depression. As per mentioned in Southpoint (2021), “regaining movements as well as muscle control” is another pivotal role played by music therapy for curing and soothing patients suffering from brain injuries. The patients suffering with the brain injuries are facing inability to move, and their muscle controlling is quite inflexible. Nursing assignment help experts said, these patients take ample time in strengthening and stretching muscles. The practitioners have been seen to playing music in order to motivate these brain injury patients at the time of physiotherapy. The techniques used are exercising of mouth muscles, exercising to upbeat music and drum playing for increasing the arm movements (Southpoint, 2021).

Southpoint (2021) had stated that “promotion of cognition” is another pivotal role played by music therapy for curing and soothing patients suffering from brain injuries. Chanting, raping as well as rhyming are helpful in development of the sequencing skills, required for improving concentration. The studies have shown that patients those have been distracted easily for focusing on the song; along with this, song writing has been the tool that is utilized for enabling distraction. Moreover, the music therapists help promoting the cognition with setting the phrases to the music as well as assisting the patients for creating the songs with information. As stated in Poćwierz-Marciniak and Bidzan (2017), the patients those are recovering from the severe brain injuries and strokes are also benefited from music therapy. In the rehabilitation center, pertinent to advanced treatments, warm as well as caring environment, the patients are provided with music therapy. The presence of caring and experienced staff, provides music therapy for bringing clarity to speech, communication, cognition, dysphasia and facial expressions. It shows that music therapy is used for stimulating the complex effective, cognitive as well as sensorimotor processes of the brain required for generalizing as well as transferring to the applications related to non-musical therapeutic (Ziabari and Treur, 2018).

Figure 3: Music Therapy for Patients with Brain Injuries

(Source: Reddy et al. 2017)

As opined by Hegde (2014) and assignment writer scientific evidences have shown that music helps stimulating complex, effective and cognitive processes within the brain. It is seen that cognitive functionalities of the brain are linked and interconnected to the music and that helps improvising disabilities in the multiple functioning domains. Based on the physical dysfunctionalities, it is associated directly with the psychosocial processing. The cognitive deficits help creating attention and also helps processing of information with significant impact on the socio-occupational personal functioning. Tsiris et al.(2018)had stated that with rehabilitation and remediation, it helps discussing about the interventions that helps in including the cognitive rehabilitation center. It includes methods such as rehabilitation and holistic and compensation aspects that helps in achieving as well as re-establishing along with reinforcing the adaptive patterns required for improving the cognitive functionalities. Cognitive rehabilitation helps patients with providing good support to the improvement of the cognitive functionalities like unilateral negligence spatial, memory aphasia and functional communication. According to the opinion of Reddy et al. (2017), compensatory strategies have been found for facilitating generalizing the real-world aspects. Taking part of music therapy, enhanced music therapy or intervention is done that helps fostering the cognitive rehabilitation with reducing stress as well as enhancement of emotional health. With music therapy, essential markers of the stress have been regulated with the use of HPA and HTPA (Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis). With use of beta endorphin as well as cortical levels, it helps significantly affecting the neurochemical changes for the evidences. With reward, use of motivation as well as meditation for improving the opioids as well as dopamine. It also helps in stress as well as arousal medication that helps with adjustment of the secretion of the steroid hormones (Stegemann et al. 2019).

As opined by Magee et al.(2017), scientific evidences have linked the music with that of cognitive functionalities. With music indulging, it helps in exercising the cognitive flexibility. The creativity helps in comprising of diverse music features that involves cognitive processes that helps in providing the emotional as well as cognitive fitness and flexibility. Essay writing help professional believed Music is known as the way of involving the cognitive processes with facilitating perpetual grouping as well as chunking information required for processing the information. With listening to the polyphonic music, it engages the neural circuits in multiple forms pertinent to engaging attention, memory, target detection, processing as well as motor imagery. Raglio et al. (2017) had stated that music helps engaging the limbic as well as paralimbic brain areas and it is quite crucial to evoke, maintain as well as modulating emotions. It helps engaging music required for stimulating diverse brain parts that includes the emotion, which is to be evoked as the part of the stimulating diverse brain centers. The musicians have been considered as the model in studying neural plasticity that is required for intense training of sensorimotor training. Music therapy used in treatment of the patients suffering from brain injuries like paralimbic and limbic areas. It is crucial for evoking, modulating and maintaining emotions those seem to be plausible and stimulating diverse brain areas for using music required for altering as well as regulation of the cognitive processes (Kučikienė and Praninskienė, 2018).

According to the opinion of Siponkoski et al. (2020), music therapy sessions have been provided to the patients suffering from brain injury is for improvement of mood as well as social interaction of the patients. The music therapy is the continual improvement method required for speech as well as hearing plays an important role in the developmental changes. It helps in coordination and that helps in improvement of condition of the patients as well. The changes present in improvements in activities required for daily living as well as improvement of life quality those documented in the documented group with changed rigidly. Poćwierz-Marciniak and Bidzan (2017) had mentioned that music therapy helps impacting on the active listening as well as performing. It helps in playing vital role in improvement of mood improvement as well as helps in rehabilitation. The long-term effects play a significant role in improvement of impacting positively on the mood state. With music therapy and intervention, it facilitates improving life quality of people those receiving palliative care, for improvement empathy, relationships centers, compassion and increasing errors as well. Get to know more about palliative care for your assignments from research paper help driven by SourceEssay.

As opined by Ziabari and Treur (2018), while dealing with brain injury, music helps in reducing the stress levels as well as difficulties of the patients with alleviation of their pain. Music evokes memories and music that helps dealing with the depression, anxiety and anger through rising positive emotional activities. It helps improvement of coordination as well as concentration with assisting basic abilities like physical movement and speech. It helps utilizing the techniques required treating brain with utilizing rhythm as well as music. It helps encouraging achievement of the goals facilitating improvement of mobility, cost benefits, and improvement of patients’ condition. According to the outlook of Hegde (2014), with music therapy, it helps in improving the ability of walking as well as the rhythm helps accessing movement of brain. It is the cost-effective method and that helps in outcomes and also helps in conventional therapies. Along with the medicines, music therapy is also provided to the patients suffering from traumatic brain injuries to improve their conditions as well as helps accessing the movement centers of brain.

Figure4:Music Impacting in Brain Activities

(Source: Kemp, 2018)

As opined by Magee et al.(2017), music therapy has been useful for the patients and it impacts on the bio electrical activities of the brain activities. With music therapy, it helps increasing both alpha as well as beta activities over the times in the patients those suffering from the brain injuries. Music therapy has been beneficial for the patients for increasing the cognitive functionalities as well as positive behaviors. Music therapy has been playing an important role in rehabilitation purpose and that causes improving the brainwaves and periodic modulation. According to the opinion of Stegemann et al. (2019), music therapy has been a goal-oriented approach and music is being utilized for improvement as well as sustaining and restoring the well-being of the brain injury patients. It alleviates activity disturbances as well as anxiety and aggressiveness of the patients. It also helps in mood relaxation as well as serving the reinforcing the non-music behaviors. It facilitates moods as well as improves relaxation and it helps evidences for better relaxation and stress management as well (Raglio et al. 2017). For the finest detail of non music behavior, take assistance from instant assignment help of SourceEssay Team.

Conclusion

The research aim is discussing about the positive impact of music therapy that has on the patients suffering from brain injuries. It is mentioned that music therapy has the clinical approach that has been improving severe brain injury patients over the years to bring-back senses of the patients for better improvement in life quality. It is mentioned that music has been fulfilling the different evolutionary functionalities like cooperation, coordination, social cohesion and communication. It had stated that music therapy exercises are used for increasing communication and speed, regaining the movements as well as muscle controls and also for promoting cognition. It has been stated that music therapy plays an important role in curing patients suffering from the brain injuries. The music therapy exercises are used for increasing communication and speed, regaining the movements as well as muscle controls and also for promoting cognition as well.

Moreover, it is also stated that cognitive rehabilitation helps patients with providing good support to the improvement of the cognitive functionalities like unilateral negligence spatial, memory aphasia and functional communication. With music therapy, essential markers of the stress have been regulated with the use of HPA and HTPA. It is mentioned in this context that music therapy used in treatment of the patients suffering from brain injuries like paralimbic and limbic areas; along with evoking, modulating and maintaining emotions. It has been stated that music therapy is the continual improvement method required for speech as well as hearing plays an important role in the developmental changes and long-term impact for improvement of mood state and helps improving life quality of people those receiving palliative care, for improvement empathy, relationships centres, compassion and increasing errors accordingly.

References

Hegde, S., 2014. Music-based cognitive remediation therapy for patients with traumatic brain injury. Frontiers in neurology, 5, p.34, Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3970008/

Kemp, B.B. 2018, Therapy for Brain Injuries: Facing the Music, Retrieved from https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=18849cba-d01b-4f6c-bf9b-8d13807fe17d

Kučikienė, D. and Praninskienė, R., 2018. The impact of music on the bioelectrical oscillations of the brain. Acta medica Lituanica25(2), p.101.

Magee, W.L., Clark, I., Tamplin, J. and Bradt, J., 2017. Music interventions for acquired brain injury. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (1), Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6464962/

Poćwierz-Marciniak, I. and Bidzan, M., 2017. The influence of music therapy on quality of life after a stroke. Health Psychology Report5(2), pp.173-185.

Raglio, A., Zaliani, A., Baiardi, P., Bossi, D., Sguazzin, C., Capodaglio, E., Imbriani, C., Gontero, G. and Imbriani, M., 2017. Active music therapy approach for stroke patients in the post-acute rehabilitation. Neurological Sciences38(5), pp.893-897.

Siponkoski, S.T., Martínez-Molina, N., Kuusela, L., Laitinen, S., Holma, M., Ahlfors, M., Jordan-Kilkki, P., Ala-Kauhaluoma, K., Melkas, S., Pekkola, J. and Rodriguez-Fornells, A., 2020. Music therapy enhances executive functions and prefrontal structural neuroplasticity after traumatic brain injury: evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Journal of neurotrauma37(4), pp.618-634.

Southpoint, 2021, Brian Center, Can Music Be an Effective Treatment for Brain Injuries? Retrieved from https://www.bcsouthpoint.com/blog/can-music-be-effective-treatment-brain-injuries

Stegemann, T., Geretsegger, M., Phan Quoc, E., Riedl, H. and Smetana, M., 2019. Music therapy and other music-based interventions in pediatric health care: an overview. Medicines6(1), p.25.

Tsiris, G., Spiro, N. and Pavlicevic, M., 2018. Repositioning music therapy service evaluation: A case of five Nordoff-Robbins music therapy service evaluations in neuro-rehabilitation. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy27(1), pp.3-27. Ziabari, S.S.M. and Treur, J., 2018, December. An adaptive cognitive temporal-causal network model of a mindfulness therapy based on music. In International Conference on Intelligent Human

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