Mac OS Vs Windows: Which Is Better For Privacy?

Mac OS Vs Windows
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Introduction

Across the globe, Mac OS and Windows 10 are the most popular and leading operating systems doing business both personally and professionally. As stated by Babun et al. (2021), both of the operating systems utilize security features for protecting the user data and minimizing threat risks, although both have different privacy standards and security standards. MacOS is strictly for the Macs and Windows 10 runs on the hardware from diverse manufacturers as it operates with offering configurations and systems. The desktop has been running on MacOS and Windows, security risks still remain the threat and the persuasive rusks like social engineering and malware attacks target the platforms very easily. Jiang et al. (2018) opined that malware attack is quite harmful to the computer users and it performs diverse tasks from stealing passwords along with credit card details along with monitoring each of the user activities. The social engineering attack involves attacker for posing the track to the users regarding giving-up passwords and sensitive information.

Security Aspects of Mac OS and Windows

In this context, Mac OS is always a better option and is the secured operating systems than the Windows. Since, 1980s’ Kenthapadi et al. (2019) had stated that MacOS is having better reputation and is also more secured than the other PCs, while it comes to the malware attacks. DoS give easy way to the Windows and early versions of Windows have been proved to be extreme susceptible to both malware and hacking attacks. PCs relies on the DoS and also have faced frequent attacks from boot sector viruses. DoS had been providing way to the Windows and early desktop Windows versions as it susceptible to malware and hacking attacks. As opined by Koerhuis et al. (2020), Microsoft had launched “Trustworthy Computing Initiative” for temporarily stopping work on the Windows Vista and that helps focuses regarding focus on the security flaws, which is plagued the Windows XP. The Mac systems help in suffering time as comparatively fewer numbers of infections. Higher attack frequency on the Windows is quite stern as the Windows are quite popular among the operating systems. The marketing analytics have reported that market share of Microsoft Windows is approximately 97% of the market share and that of the Apple’s market share is 2.47% market share. To know more about security aspects students can take help from online assignment help experts.

In addition to this, it is stated that Windows OS needs higher amount of security vigilance as compared to the Mac OS. The operating systems have been built on the basis on anti-malware solutions. As opined by Kollnig et al. (2021), with time, DoS gave way to Windows and each of the desktop versions of Windows has been extremely susceptible to malware attacks and hacking. Microsoft had launched the initiative and worked on Windows Vista, in case it addresses the security flaws plaguing the Windows XP. Even more, Mac OS is also not completely immune to malware, higher frequency of the attacks on the Windows had been provided vastly on the popular operating system. Perez et al. (2018) had stated that the statistics had been significantly affecting on the security of the operating system and is also infecting systems accordingly. It is also making sense to the malware authors for targeting the PCs rather than on the Mac OS. Apple’s rise in market share and also helps gaining traction in the business environment and corporations have been producing creative content.

According to online dissertation writing service experts the security architecture of Mac OS comprises of 3 discreet levels and the bottom layer of security stack comprises of Mach and BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution). As opined by Siapiti et al. (2022), BSD is the open-source standard and is also responsible for the basic file system as well as network services along with handling access control of the users and groups. The Mach component helps defining diverse ports and it also corresponds to particular resources and tasks. Mach component also acts as the low-level gatekeeper and that helps controlling the tasks required for communicating across Mach ports. According to the opinion of Tahaei et al. (2020), main components to CSDA layer have been the important aspect to CSSM and it comprises of security-related modules help providing cryptographic trust policies and services. CSDA is extensible with using plugins and it helps providing security services required for the operating systems. The CSDA plugins also include AppleCSP Cryptographic Service Provider, AppleFile Data Storage Library with AppleX509TP Trust Policy Library and AppleX509CL Certificate Library.

As opined by Troncoso et al. (2020), the Mac’s highest level of security weaknesses provide false sense of security and that remains prevalent among the Mac users. The Apple’s growing popularity help making MacOS for big targets and also in the past. The threats are directed at MacOS and also had grown double the rate of threats against the PCs as per the security research done. Apple has been working hard in keeping MacOS quite secured and operating system provides reliable security architecture for isolation of OS Kernel from the threats. According to the opinion of Vastel et al. (2018), it quantifying the effects on the security and the average user finds Mac users quite easy in usage. It is an inevitable aspect for preventing security issues as the users are quite likely in enabling the security features of the operating system for feeling intimidating the same.

According to the opinion of Babun et al. (2021), Windows security architecture for utilizing component known as LSA and is authenticating local requests as well as creating sessions as the user logs on. As the user enters credentials, Windows had created one-way hash regarding the users’ password. LSA compares the has against password has that has been stored in SAM database for determining users entering correct password. The security Accounts Manager also validates user login attempt and LSA helps utilizing SAM database for finding SID (Security Identifier) and that corresponds to user accounts. As mentioned by Jiang et al. (2018), LSA also helps created access token that comprises of the SIDs. The user attempts accessing resources with utilizing the kernel model components known as the Security Reference Monitor and that examines resources for accessing the control lists for determining grant accesses and not. Access Controls entries are also stored in accessing control as compared against the access token of the users for determining permissions of the users. Microsoft’s security policy is another strength to Windows and the security policies are applied at either local computer level through Active Directory for allowing the granular control over the operating system. The administrators utilize the security policies for hardening Windows in the way of meeting the security needs of the organization (Kenthapadi et al. 2019). To know more students can take assistance from SourceEssay networking research paper help experts.

As opined by Koerhuis et al. (2020), Operating systems with including Windows and Mac 10 helps building-in hard disk encryption capabilities. The operating systems include Mac OS and Windows with offering built-in disk encrypting capabilities. The technology helps protecting sensitive information through translating into scrambled codes and data has been accessible by the authorized users. The Windows utilizes Mac OS and Microsoft Edge for built-in safety features. The device has lost and stolen that allows having features for allowing users in tracking and tracing devices with utilizing GPS system. Kenthapadi et al. (2019) had mentioned that Mac OS and Windows have offered features for finding lost devices and the features helps users in tracing the device with utilizing the GPS system. The data tracking as well as harvesting problem with use of operating systems. It helps tracking the user data and selling it to 3rd parties and that helps in tracking Windows information and selling off data more than Mac OS. The pros of using Windows operating system are boot-up protection with trusted boot and having protected app store. It also includes finding secured device, automatically installing the software updates and built-in malware with antivirus protection. The cons of utilizing Windows are high cyberattack amounts, grew number of extra features, required of upkeeping values, data harvesting as well as tracking and safe edge browser that is less safe than the others (Kollnig et al. 2021).

As per the opinion of Perez et al. (2018), Mac OS helps providing stringent controls on the software and that means less bloat wave and jailbreak the devices and that nullifies warranty as well as supporting from the organization. In the opinion of coursework help ex Apple security system helps tight security as compared to the Windows and that helps targeting by malware as well as hackers. The Mac’s browser safety is quite safe and has been underwent overhaul popups and blocking of ads with hotspots those help allowing the security for easy comprising. As per the outlook of Kollnig et al. (2021), native browser had replaced the launching and that the security patches for leaving easy desiring. The security maintaining of Mac OS helps needing less maintaining of security as compared to Windows. The lacking of urgency has been lowering presence of threats on Macs. Windows OS help providing security vigilance as compared to Mac OS. Frequency of updates help in protective in seeking as well as releasing the security patches. It also helps providing security defence and that helps in having proactiveness for providing best security defences. According to the opinion of Siapiti et al. (2022), threat increase has been the volume threats as per the exploration of cyber threats for rising further in future. Response assessing helps providing security problems and that helps amplification of damages pertinent to exploitation of malware. Mac OS is done based on threat growth, browser safety, and provision of out-of-the box security.

Tahaei et al. (2020) stated that it is seen that both of the platforms are not completely perfect while it comes to security. Both the Mac OS and Windows have faced and suffered from the malware attacks and the hacking aspect followed by the security incidents. Both Microsoft and Apple operating systems have been keeping the operating systems quite secured. It is important for enabling built-in security features as well as application of security updates for making things quite available. Perez et al. (2018) had mentioned that Windows and Mac OS help offering boot-up the protections and the protections are critical and ensuring security to the devices and operating systems. The systems utilize securing chips for scanning the OS files before loading of files. The scanning helps protecting BIOS as well as ensuring firmware as well as hardware components for correctly working and is not compromised. The antivirus protection and out-of-the-box malware comes along with Windows and Mac OS devices. The malware as well as viruses cause havoc on the computing systems and malicious programs also steal passwords with sensitive information followed by deleting files and preventing damaging of computers beyond the repair. Troncoso et al. (2020) had stated that Mac and Windows OS utilize screening processes before the apps stores and that is available for downloading the same. The processes prevent users from downloading the malicious and infectious files for preventing harming the devices as well as preventing stealing the personal information. The Mac OS and Windows help offering automatic updates and that computer system helps securely, efficiently and safely. The automatic updates are being disabled and the systems will be notified by the users while applying updates.

Conclusion

The desktop has been running on MacOS and Windows, security risks still remain the threat and the persuasive rusks like social engineering and malware attacks target the platforms very easily.  In this context, it is stated that both of the platforms are not completely perfect while it comes to security. Both the Mac OS and Windows have faced and suffered from the malware attacks and the hacking aspect followed by the security incidents.

References

Babun, L., Denney, K., Celik, Z.B., McDaniel, P. and Uluagac, A.S., 2021. A survey on IoT platforms: Communication, security, and privacy perspectives. Computer Networks192, p.108040.

Jiang, B., Li, M. and Tandon, R., 2018, May. Context-aware data aggregation with localized information privacy. In 2018 IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security (CNS) (pp. 1-9). IEEE.

Kenthapadi, K., Mironov, I. and Thakurta, A.G., 2019, January. Privacy-preserving data mining in industry. In Proceedings of the Twelfth ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining (pp. 840-841).

Koerhuis, W., Kechadi, T. and Le-Khac, N.A., 2020. Forensic analysis of privacy-oriented cryptocurrencies. Forensic Science International: Digital Investigation33, p.200891.

Kollnig, K., Shuba, A., Binns, R., Van Kleek, M. and Shadbolt, N., 2021. Are iPhones Really Better for Privacy? Comparative Study of iOS and Android Apps. arXiv preprint arXiv:2109.13722.

Perez, A.J., Zeadally, S. and Cochran, J., 2018. A review and an empirical analysis of privacy policy and notices for consumer Internet of things. Security and Privacy1(3), p.e15.

Siapiti, E., Dionysiou, I. and Gjermundrød, H., 2022. One Light, One App: Tackling a Common Misperception Causing Breach of User Privacy. In IFIP International Conference on ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection (pp. 398-411). Springer, Cham.

Tahaei, M., Vaniea, K. and Saphra, N., 2020, April. Understanding privacy-related questions on stack overflow. In Proceedings of the 2020 CHI conference on human factors in computing systems (pp. 1-14).

Troncoso, C., Payer, M., Hubaux, J.P., Salathé, M., Larus, J., Bugnion, E., Lueks, W., Stadler, T., Pyrgelis, A., Antonioli, D. and Barman, L., 2020. Decentralized privacy-preserving proximity tracing. arXiv preprint arXiv:2005.12273.

Vastel, A., Laperdrix, P., Rudametkin, W. and Rouvoy, R., 2018. {Fp-Scanner}: The Privacy Implications of Browser Fingerprint Inconsistencies. In 27th USENIX Security Symposium (USENIX Security 18) (pp. 135-150).

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