Over 35 million tonnes of plastic waste are generated by almost all the European economics and merely 5 million tonnes are recycled and 25 million tonnes of the waste get lost.
The huge production of waste is an inevitable consequence of anthropogenic activities. The entire human society has been dealing with significant loss of valuable assets in the tenure of implementing an ambitious waste management policy. Waste policies are generally practised in many countries aiming to minimize the negative impact of waste management on the environment and human health.
Richard Fish of AlterNRG (USA), said about 3.6 million tonnes of waste are produced every year. If it could be convertible, produced energy will be equivalent to 178 gigawatts or 3 million barrel oils. In a world, wherein every 5 families don’t have access to electricity, this could be an alluring option to overcome increased power demand(Mmereki, 2016). The actual stance of waste management could be challenging but it can also see as an opportunity. This study will closely examine waste management integrated policies in few countries also covers the magnitude of gains or losses from environmental policy.
The uncontrollable spread of waste material is not only damaging the environment even causing adverse changes in human health. It is estimated, waste generation will grow from 2.01 billion tonnes to 3.5 billion tonnes by 2050. The above stats clearly depicts, there will be merely a region of earth left remain unaffected in coming years. Today, waste management is a complex topic but absolutely necessary. As said by assignment writer, currently the waste management industry is struggling to match itself with global consumerism. Despite the fact that efforts are made to dissect the problem from its roots building a waste management framework in broad processing still needed a strong base to achieve utilization of resources from waste.
If our societies continue the same pattern of production and consumption, that day will come even closer when we see large waste heaps at every corner. Resolving the paradox of depleting virgin resources to develop new products whilst allowing us to manage discarded resources increasing transitioned to a sustainable circular economy. Here what we argue, waste and resource management plays a key role in the current unsustainable society hence addressing global management practices is significant. Although radical changes were brought up to achieve UN sustainable goals, the effectiveness of the program is quite lower.
At a most fundamental level, people depend on the environment to meet basic human needs including shelter, clean and food. Assignment help experts opined that like no other species human beings has the capacity to re-engineer the environment more evidently with growing competition, couple incomes.
Out of 17, 12 are directly related the waste improvement, such as production, finance and policy of 2030 UN Sustainable development goals. The highest proposal among the entire goals concluded clean energy water and sanitation, life below water and on land. The far-reaching site of UN sustainable goals includes-
- Goal 6 sub-clause 3, reflects improving water quality through controlling pollution, minimizing release of hazardous waste, halving improvement of untreated waste substantially increasing recycling and using resources safely
- Goal 9 part 4, benchmarked upgrades retrofit industries and infrastructure to make them sustainable with increased efficient use of resources and greater adoption of a clean and healthy environment. Hereby all the countries are required to take action according to their potentials(Vergara et.al, 2017).
- Goal 12. 1 implementing 10 years framework for sustainable program, consumption, production pattern, all the countries must take action, take a lead and demonstrate their capabilities
The Economy Of Waste And Waste Policy
Waste is a by-product of economic input whether come from material or energy recovery. To combat the highest demand, the waste policy ensures raw materials are used efficiently. For instance, landfill taxes have increased for sending waste to landfills.
Legal waste dumping could be hard to found in the relevant provision. To overcome the waste dumping public problems, government intervention is necessary. There have been several environmental impacts identified during the study, associated with waste management. Whilst specific characterized in the form of water pollution, air quality, land-use change, however, the preponderance waste-related hazardous nexus with greenhouse gases. To know more take instant assignment help from SourceEssay.
Waste is generated from different mediums contributing different figures.
Waste from electronic equipment or e-waste-
The amount of e-waste is increased steadily accounting largest portion of the European economy. It is estimated on an average, 10 tonnes per year of WEEE generated in Europe, roughly 40% recycled. The major problem is associated with e-waste highly connected with quantum. The consumption pattern and changing lifestyle is responsible for huge piles of e-waste produced predominately in the US and European member countries. The US is the largest producer of e-waste whose total accumulation is 3 million tonnes each year followed by china, brazil, Malaysia etc.
In developing and transitioned countries little consideration was given to quantifying e-waste. This is because, at a pre- reprocessing stage, the collection of e wastes from scrap is generally collected by unorganized, dealers, scrappers and peddlers. Majorly the distinctive components of WEEE defined in given figures and illustrated by essay helpers–
Solely in Europe, 9.5 million tones of textile are consumed every year and the estimated yearly disposal is 5.6 million tonnes. This show, approximately, 4 million tonnes are not collected directly even ends up mixing other plastic waste. Based on the 2014 collected data, it was estimated 20% of the textile waste move for recycling, reuse and the rest 80% get lost(UNECE.2020.).
Embedded chemicals and mixed fibre make it difficult to recycle textile waste. Henceforth many assignment makers suggested recycling of textile waste comes with a guideline ease the identification of fabrics, improving collective systems and designing the better structure for circularity.
Presently nearly 30 million tonnes of plastic manufacturing have led the experts in scepticism, is it possible to eliminate plastic from human lives? On average 25 million tonnes of plastic are lost from European countries and many more from other parts of the world causing worrisome situations for water beings(GSA.2017).
The single biggest contributor of plastic waste is none other than the packaging industry around 16 billion tonnes. However, it is followed by WEEE, demolition sector, construction and vehicles. In the year EU has adopted strategies of plastic for the circular economy. The strategy aims to transform the way plastic is produced and designed. It was assured, by 2020, the entire plastic packages will be ably recycled. No extraneous plastic product account in the global economy chart.
Economic Models Of Waste
At present, the dormant way to handle the waste is a linear model. In a nutshell, resources are extracted, processed the current and into the material, transformed into products, consumed and then wasted. Through this human society have been depleting the virgin resources whilst giving a major platform for growing waste management issues.
Many experts, essay writers, economists have shown they’re concerned proposed to formulate either a closed-loop waste or zero waste infrastructure. It was defined in the UK Waste and resource programme as an alternative to traditional waste management plan is keeping the use of resources as long as possible, extracting maximum value in lesser use and then recovering the products from recycling material or from its residues
These are the theoretical aspects of a situation described during the program inauguration, the practical implementation may require-
- Advancement in science and technology( innovation, reengineering social) to develop processing tools and entirely new business, models
- Methodologies accounting environmental impact emission in the biosphere, human and social well being
- Accessing the true environmental and economical costs benefiting both waste and products
- Adhering to social and cultural changes especially in terms of product design, consumer behaviour and industrial practices.
In a broad spectrum, operational mismatches between waste producers and waste operators and potential consumers covered from waste impede viable market development. The current waste management sector is a key segment addressing the major issues we have discussed earlier. To know about waste management hierarchy, take do my assignment help from SourceEssay today.
Balancing Resources Recovery And Waste Overload
The economic, social and environmental boundaries highlighted in the preceding section are evidently from industrial and political arena. Globally trends in sustainable progress have shown a reverse trend since 1999/2000(Sakai et.al, 2017). In the past 40 years, despite the slow economic and population growth, the demand for natural resources accelerated even much faster. On the other hand, material efficiency took a downturn driven by fluctuated resource uses, global production patterns shifting from country to country.
In UN SDGs reports 70% of the goals are directly linked with waste management resources that we have already discussed in an earlier section, but the core motive behind dragging this stance is the transition towards the circular sustainable economy required confirmation of few factors-
- Academia to provide the relevant and actual analytical tools enabling technologies
- Corrective measurements data of role of consumer, designer, manufacture etc in the supply chain
- Politician and regulation for oversight the changing consumer behaviour supported by NGOs, where most of the government failed
Before developing a waste management policy, it is required to include the individual perception, knowledge either through social debates, linking concerns and solutions, multiplying interest through social interest and much more. The utmost importance must be given to this statement since waste management can’t be done by a single organization; it needs multiple hands, multiple families and multiple alliances
Participatory Policies Of Different Economies
Law assignment writer suggested law come into existence including Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), The Brownfields Law Comprehensive Environmental Response provided EPA assess to recognize the contaminated sites. Under the EPA clean up program, the timeline of significant site clean up and generalizing specific contamination is quite lengthy.
EPA regulation benefits societies in several ways including reduction of contamination sites and seen as a cost-effective measurement, For instance, 2014 regulatory impact analysis has drawn statistics on EPA’s final Coal Combustion Residual implied future disposal impoundment failure in terms of the future cost of clean up, regulatory fee, and ecosystem preserve.
EPA Regulated the hazardous waste and potential negative externalities by RCRA. EPA has promoted local initiatives to reduce and recycle municipal solid waste. Other than that, According to Executive Order (E.O.) 13693, Planning for federal sustainability signed by President Obama on March 19, 2019, General service administration in the USA promote waste reduction, reuse and recycling compositing in Federal building/. GSA has a goal to incardinated a minimum of 50% of the solid waste from landfills through recycling reuse and composition. Get to know more about waste management policies for UK, Germany and Singapore for your tuition assignments from Sourceessay online assignment help team.
Waste and resource management plays a key role in developing sustainable economies within social boundaries. Under this study, we have explored a dormant way to handle the waste that is a linear model. In a nutshell, resources are extracted, processed the current and into the material, transformed into products, consumed and then wasted. Besides following these strategies, we are needed to include the individual perception, knowledge either through social debates, linking concerns and solution, multiplying interest through social interest and much more during forming waste management policies. In fact EPA regulation benefits societies in several ways including reduction of contamination sites and seen as a cost-effective measurement must be taken into account.
Eupean Environmental agency.2020.Reducing loss of resources from waste management is key to strengthening the circular economy in Europe. Available at-https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/reducing-loss-of-resources-from
EPA.2020. Economics of Land Cleanup and Waste Management. Available at- https://www.epa.gov/environmental-economics/economics-land-cleanup-and-waste-management
Sakai, S.I., Yano, J., Hirai, Y., Asari, M., Yanagawa, R., Matsuda, T., Yoshida, H., Yamada, T., Kajiwara, N., Suzuki, G. and Kunisue, T., 2017.Waste prevention for sustainable resource and waste management.Journal of material cycles and waste management, 19(4), pp.1295-1313.
UNECE.2020.From risk to resource: waste can contribute to sustainable development. Available at-https://unece.org/sustainable-energy/news/risk-resource-waste-can-contribute-sustainable-development
Vergara, S.E. and Tchobanoglous, G., 2012. Municipal solid waste and the environment: a global perspective. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37, pp.277-309.
Velenturf, A.P. and Purnell, P., 2017. Resource recovery from waste: Restoring the balance between resource scarcity and waste overload. Sustainability, 9(9), p.1603.
Mmereki, D., Li, B., Baldwin, A. and Hong, L., 2016. The generation, composition, collection, treatment and disposal system, and impact of E-waste.E-waste in Transition-from Pollution to Resource, pp.65-93. GSA.2017.Solid Waste Management. Available at-https://www.gsa.gov/real-estate/environme