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Organizational Culture And Its Influence On Project Management

Organizational Culture
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Within any organization, project management happens with tangible personality originated in every organization i.e. organizational culture. This differentiates extraordinary successful companies from the rivalry and builds the company’s image. Organizational culture is a complex phenomenon somewhat predominant features of employee in the workplace. Organization culture is a set of rules, values, belief and norms followed by employee to reflect organizational goals and objectives. But this is highly dynamic and based on certain factors for example kind of culture organization follows also how it shapes the organization. Having a good understanding of organizational culture in a border context can help the project manager to meet objective synchronously document resources and stem differences (Maitland, Hills & Rhind 2015). Each performs an integral part and create environment in which project will flourish.  It also increases organizational commitments and consistency of employee behaviour reducing ambiguity. All these factors contribute to project success because it defines identity, social commitments and social stability. This article aims to define organizational culture and its impact on project management.

The relationship between organization culture and projects is always subjected to different research. The multicultural organization depends on concept, values, and beliefs that employee share. A definition of organizational culture has been widely adopted by researcher deals with knowledge areas, employee behaviour and their practices in the direction of getting objectives. In  E. Schein opinion, a culture is defined as entire fundamental assumptions that have been discovered, developed helps in solving problems, adapting the environment and building integral assumptions. As opined by online assignment help experts, in order to ensure organizational success, it is mandatory for managers to continuously check on diverse activity, pioneer innovation resulting in the way employee behaviour and underlying the tasks that an organization has to complete.

Loewe,  Dominiquini believes organizational values, sustainable competence is required to build innovation as a continuous process. Organization culture effectively promotes or inhibits corporation knowledge, experiences and ideas.  Within the organization, open culture enhances the participation of all team members, flexibility, and fast adaption to change encouragement for the entire employee to seek changes and discover unconventional or non-standard ways to achieve goals of performing tasks.

The Impact Of Culture On Project Management

An element of organization culture consists of innovation-oriented project management practices. Many essay helpers have accepted a great understanding of organizational culture is necessary to run successful projects. This may impact by powerful internal and external forces that shape an organizational culture or accelerates its growth. For instance, vision, mission statement strategy as the way it is conceived or communicated by the organization. To elaborate this point, let’s take a stance like in some organization of Southwest Airlines, every employee intends to describe the company’s objective briefly (Durgadevi & Vasantha, 2017). The kind of inquiry proceeded gives insights of realistic culture of that organization also some of its values and beliefs. One of the most robust, compelling and systematic approaches that project leaders use is the model created by Wiliam Schneider.  This model depicts each culture is uniquely defined focuses on how decisions would be made.

Figure-  Four Core Culture Model By William Schneider

Schneider states qualities and exhibit contents associated with axes are organizational culture imply preferences given to one doesn’t preclude involvement in other. Basically, culture is all about ensuring certainty, predictability, accuracy, accountability and safety during project progression. 

Defining Four Core Culture Impact On Project Management

Control Core Culture

According to assignment helpers, every culture needs to change and recognize if it continually inhibiting or dismantling business operations. It can have both negative and positive impact depends on the stage of the project, work breakdown structure (WBS). Although this can’t be denied, culture doesn’t estimate the difficulties in the project, but the way culture used to collect information on resources being used definitely become a moving target (Szczepańska-Woszczyna 2014, September).

Control culture

StrengthWeakness
PlanningMight be impersonal
Building systemsIntense environment create pressure
Order creatingHolding good ideas
Clarifying rolesMight increase job responsibility
Being realistic and objectiveHard to control conflicts

Competence Core Culture

This form of culture is very fixed and focusing on achieving or acquiring distinction among the best and delivering uniqueness and one of product at the end

StrengthWeakness
High performance SettlementOver analyzing plans
Having high technical expertsControlling every thing emotionally
Valuing ProfessionalismAdvising against collaboration
Good at adapting changesOverlook win win situation
Here Decision making found to be systematic that is also thoroughPeople might feel leadership is not satisfied

Collaboration Culture

This culture is about establishing synergy among team members, families and whosoever a part of project. It is fundamentally taken into account  to build close relationship with customers, and paying a great attention to deal with situation concretely ( Suda, 2007). However the end decision making process is driven by people organically and informally

StrengthWeakness
Diversity ManagementProne towards making short term decision
Free, open and direct communicationOverpromising
Developing team and its UtilizationTakes longer time to make longer decisions
Partnership with CustomersOver adaptive environment
Active listening for people problemsInclination towards de emphasis planning

Cultivation Culture

It has rooten its prints in religious systems or in religion, chiefly pay attention to aspiration, inspiration and creative option. As defined by essay help USA decision making process under this culture found to be people driven subjective and open minded.

StrengthWeakness
People feel nurtured and caredProjects may not get finished all time
Add values to creativity and people’s aspirationOverlooking small details
Open to ChangeSome ideas may outlives
Gives high value on TrainingMight be prone towards playing favoritism
Abundant trustIt tends to be centre and control oriented

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Conclusion

In this article, we have first discussed what is organizational culture and its importance. By utilizing various articles, journals, and research paper, we are concluding that organizational culture is termed as pack of rules, values, belief and norms followed by employee to reflect organizational goals and objectives. In the next section, we have enumerated what are the trends of organization culture that suggested a great understanding of organizational culture is necessary to run successful projects. We have even figure out core strength and weakness of four core culture model impacting project to a large extent. Those four core values are Control Core Culture, Collaboration Culture, Cultivation culture, and competence culture. Each exerts its influence in project stages and defines the rate at which project might succeed over. 

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References

Durgadevi, R., & Vasantha, S. (2017). Organisational Culture and its Impact on Employee Performance (A Study with Reference to IT Sector Chennai). Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 8(2), 315-320.

Maitland, A., Hills, L. A., & Rhind, D. J. (2015). Organisational culture in sport–A systematic review. Sport Management Review, 18(4), 501-516.

Schneider, W.E., (1994) The Reengineering Alternative: A Plan for Making Your Current Culture Work. Burr Ridge, Ill: Professional Publishing, Inc..

Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K. (2014, September). The importance of organizational culture for innovation in the company. In Forum Scientiae Oeconomia (Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 27-39).

Suda, L. V. (2007). The meaning and importance of culture for project success. Paper presented at PMI® Global Congress 2007—EMEA, Budapest, Hungary. Newtown Square, PA: Project Management Institute.

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