PTSD: Effective Coping Strategies

PTSD:Effective Coping Strategies
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Introduction

As per APA (American Psychological Association), PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) has been stated as the anxiety disorder, which has been developed among experiencing trauma. As opined by Baral and Bhagawati (2019), post-traumatic stress disorder has been caused to an individual while he/she witnesses to any shocking or frightening event or being a part to shocking or frightening events. After facing or being a part to traumatic disorders, PTSD development has been the natural response to distressed experiences like violence, sexual abuse and physical abuse or violence. Prolonged exposure to PTSD without any proper treatment or coping-up strategies, it leads to personal threats regarding safety and security of the individual. As per the opinion of Brooks et al. (2019), impact of PTSD can be quite far-reaching as well as deliberative. Symptoms of PTSD negatively impact on physical health, mental health, relationships, work and overall livelihood of the people. People may feel isolated, face troubles at workplace while maintaining job, unable to trust people and face difficulty in expressing and controlling emotions. People suffering from PTSD suffer from intense or frequent symptoms of anxiety, and seizers. d’Ettorre et al. (2021) had stated that to cope-up with anxiety disorder symptoms, people suffering with PTSD had to rely on different unhealthy ways of coping like alcohol usage or drug consumptions, leading to pathetic future. Although the healing process in a gradual and ongoing slow process, strategies of coping-up with PTSD needs to be handled with ease for making life easy and reduce fear and anxiety at the same time. The research aim is focusing on discussing diverse effective and efficient coping strategies related to handling of PTSD.

PTSD: Effective Coping Strategies

According to the opinion of Grupp et al. (2022), PTSD is the mental health condition that has been triggered by any kind of terrifying activities that is being experienced and witnessed by the individual. Symptoms related to PTSD comprises of severe anxiety, nightmares, uncontrollable thoughts and flashbacks regarding the event. The symptoms of PTSD are grouped into 4 categories: avoidance, intrusive memories, emotional and physical reactions and negative changes in mood change. The symptoms present in intrusive memories includes severe emotional distresses or physical reactions, upsetting dreams, reliving traumatic events, and recurrent and unwanted distressed memories. According to the outlook of Hamed et al. (2020), symptoms of avoidance include trying avoiding talking and thinking about traumatic events, and avoiding places, and doing activities. According to nursing essay help experts changes in mood are also caused due to PTSD and that causes feeling detached, emotionally numb, experiencing positive emotions and difficulty in maintaining close relationships. The changes in emotional and physical reactors make trouble sleeping, concentrating and occurrence of aggressive behavior. Development of PTSD causes traumatic events like increasing risk for exposing to traumatic events and also helps in improvement of mental health issues. Lacking of support to friends and family members also increases the risk factor of developing PTSD as well (Hilton et al. 2019).

Hirschberg et al. (2020) had mentioned that one of effective coping strategies of handling PSTD is “mindfulness meditation”. Meditation as well as relaxation technique of mindfulness helps managing the disorders. Reviewing the treatments for PTSD has been used for reduction of avoiding as well as self-blame among the people diagnosed with the disorder. PTSD treatments diagnosed comprises of MBSR (Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction), MBCT (Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy), Mindfulness-Based Exposure Therapy, Meditation Relaxation and Mantrum Repetition Practice. Hong et al. (2021) had stated that MBSR is the 8-week program that is intensive in nature and focuses on practice of meditation to mindfulness. As per this program, it aims training people regarding staying focused and staying attentive on the breath as well as learning to avoid regarding carrying away by different intrusive thoughts. MSCT has been designed for targeting depressive moods as well as negative thoughts. Mindfulness-Based Exposure Therapy includes 16-week program that is focused towards incorporating MBCT techniques as well as favour controlled and safe exposure regarding avoiding stimuli and focusing on self-compassion training. As opined by Kamkuimo Kengne et al. (2018), meditation-relaxation is quite effective while increasing self-compassion as well as reduction of depressive symptoms those are related to PTSD. Mantrum Repetition practice is all about silently repetition of any kind of sacred phrase or word that will prove its efficiency towards reducing hyperarousal, anger, along with different symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Schure et al. (2018) had mentioned that “regaining focus through conducting different kinds of physical activities” is another effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. The people diagnosed and suffering with PTSD finds enjoyable physical activities for regular performance and also helps reducing stress levels as well as easy coping-up with the symptoms. People diagnosed with PTSD had helped in coping-up with symptoms those have been impacting on life. The sport veterans need to attain focused mind state and activities are absorbed regarding performing the work and also emotions need to be pushed aside. According to the outlook of Schuster and Dwyer (2020), with regaining focus regarding improvement of physical activities, it is all about handling the PTSD symptoms. It helps focusing towards having focused minds and also helps reducing stress levels and also about coping-up with the symptoms. It helps building relationship and that helps reducing stress as well as coping-up with the symptoms as well for improving lifestyle.

As per the outlook of Slade et al. (2018), another effective coping strategies of handling PSTD is “aromatherapy”. The use of orange essential oils is quite effective in reduction of symptoms related to chronic stress levels and anxiety reduction that is associated regarding suffering with PTSD. It is conducted and is also replicated as the human cohort. The individuals have been diagnosed with relaxation strategy that has been effective regarding lowering stress levels. The individuals help diagnosed with PTSD that helps lowering down the levels of stress. Turgoose et al. (2018) had mentioned that different perfumes used in aromatherapy are sage, peppermint and lavender and other relaxing oil massages. It helps in spotting between the eyebrows as well as pulse points those are calming marvellously to the people. For PTSD treatment, it is the effective method in handling the people suffering from PTSD and also lowering down the levels of stress. As per the opinion of Weiss et al. (2019), “art therapy” is another effective coping strategies regarding handling of PSTD . It is trained by the specialists those are trained to work and has been experiencing traumatic situations and also helps in externalizing emotions along with providing way of learning regarding coping-up with distressed memories. In order to overcome PTSD among the individuals, it will also urge them leave distressed experiences, art project is an effective way of easy coping-up with the same. It is because; the art project makes the person involved with the creative world and that helps complete involvement of the people within the project. leading to easy coping-up with distressed memories to an extent. Baral and Bhagawati (2019) had stated that art therapy is all about involving people with PTSD into activities like painting or making scriptures. It helps in easy coping-up with the distressed memories and coping-up with traumatic experiences help improved emotions in using art project. It helps in treating PTSD that will help in leaving behind distressed experiences as well.  

d’Ettorre et al. (2021) had stated that another effective coping strategies of handling PSTD is “pets’ usage”. It is effective as it helps people in coping-up with the disruptive symptoms caused from PTSD. The pets are trained for recognizing as well as preventing and interrupting regarding onset of the symptoms. The pets are well trained to sense people suffering from PTSD and that will help in improving available resources. While the people with PSTD will be facing night sweats as well as nightmares, and become restless, pets try to snuggle-in with these people to distract the person and tries removing from situation. As opined by Brooks et al. (2019), “progressive muscle relaxation” is the other effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. With utilizing relaxation exercises is an important and effective way in reducing stress as well as anxiety. It also helps focuses on alternating between relaxing as well as tensing diverse muscle groups throughout body. While tensing the muscles has been the common anxiety symptom and with relaxation, it will cause to muscle tension and that will cause signals for relaxing over the time. Complex relaxation helps focusing and will help providing signals regarding relaxing over the time (Grupp et al. 2022).

As opined by Hamed et al. (2020), “mindfulness” is the other effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. With using mindfulness, anxiety may prove to be quite helpful. Mindfulness helps in recognizing providing benefits to people while dealing with depression and anxiety. Mindfulness providing benefits to people for handling depression and anxiety. Hilton et al. (2019) had mentioned that in terms of mindfulness, people are concerned towards self-monitoring. It is the healthy way to handle anxiety symptoms. Humans being mortals of habit and that helps addressing uncomfortable anxiety symptoms without staying aware of the situations for bringing-up the feelings. Self-monitoring has been the simple way regarding raising the awareness among the people suffering from PSTD. Baral and Bhagawati (2019) had mentioned that with self-monitoring has been simple way regrading increasing the business awareness. With self-monitoring, it is easy knowing about the self-improvement that the person is doing while dealing with PSTD. Determination and willpower play important role in overall handling of PSTD symptoms at the workplace. It helps in handling situations quite effectively as well as also helps in reducing anxiety to the maximum extent accordingly.  

As per the opinion of Hirschberg et al. (2020), another effective coping strategies of handling PSTD is “social support”. It helps people in overcoming negative effects regarding the traumatic events as well as PTSD. Stressful situations are important and that will help in emotional validation. It is also helpful for supporting relationship and that is beneficial with helping for managing the anxiety and that helps in supporting group for managing the anxiety and that helps in leading by the professional that will be helpful. It is helpful for managing the anxiety and that helps leading by the professional that is helpful. As per the outlook of Hong et al. (2021), self-soothing has been the part to effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. It is essential in coping-up with feelings and that will help in excellent way for improvement of mood. In the view point of assignment help experts the association of anxiety with having symptoms of PTSD and the social support is not available readily. It helps focusing towards improvement of mood as well as helps reducing of anxiety as well as helps in self-care coping-up with strategies. Social support is required for improvement of self-care coping strategies and also helps in social support (Weiss et al. 2019).

Kamkuimo Kengne et al. (2018) had stated that “behavioral activation” has been another effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. It is seen that both avoidance and anxiety has been going hand-in-hand and while avoiding anxiety provoking and increasing situations, it may lead to reduction of anxieties in the long run. It will lead to prevention of leading a rewarding and meaningful life. Behavioral activation has been the increasing way of rising activity level of the people and that will cause increasing engagement in rewarding and positive activities. The behavioral activation helps reducing symptoms to anxiety and depression. As per the opinion of Schure et al. (2018), distractions as the part of behavioral activation are also an effective coping strategy regarding handling of PSTD. The behavioral activation helps reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression. Temporary distractions will lead to decreasing emotional time investment and that will help in handling reduction of intensity of working. Moreover, with distraction it includes journaling. It is easy in coping-up with expressing the feelings and thoughts that has ben the good way of anxiety handling. The expressive way of writing has been the correct way of improvement of psychological and physical health (Slade et al. 2018).

According to the opinion of Schuster and Dwyer (2020), the other effective coping strategies of handling PSTD is “employing light therapy”. The researchers are working hard regarding encouraging results regarding usage of bright-light therapy for treating people suffering with PSTD symptoms. As people with PSTD symptoms suffer from trauma-related symptoms like flashbacks, nigh sweats, reducing sleep quality and quantity followed by depressed mood, it is important employing early morning light therapy. With PTSD symptoms, people suffer from the sleep disturbances and that leads to depression and also anxiety disorders among the people. Turgoose et al. (2018) had stated that utilizing healing qualities of Mother nature has been the part of effective coping strategies of handling PSTD. Multiple studies have revealed that Mother nature has ample amount of healing qualities of nature that helps individuals in dealing with symptoms of PTSD. In Japan, forest bathing has been the important term that causes positive impact to nervous system and that helps people to refresh from the flashbacks and distressed situations faced in past that had led the person towards facing PTSD. It, therefore, helps reducing hormone production and lowering of blood pressure as well as relives mental pain and reduces heart rate. It helps in enhancing parasympathetic resting as well as recovering system. Optimum method is nature-filled area and that needs to see people in taking fresh air (Grupp et al. 2022). To know more students can take help from SourceEssay nursing dissertation help experts online.

Conclusion

The research aim is focusing on discussing diverse effective and efficient coping strategies related to handling of PTSD. It is mentioned that after facing or being a part to traumatic disorders, PTSD development has been the natural response to distressed experiences like violence, sexual abuse and physical abuse or violence. Symptoms related to PTSD comprises of severe anxiety, nightmares, uncontrollable thoughts and flashbacks regarding the event. It is mentioned that the symptoms of PTSD are grouped into 4 categories: avoidance, intrusive memories, emotional and physical reactions and negative changes in mood change. It is mentioned that symptoms of avoidance include trying avoiding talking and thinking about traumatic events, and avoiding places, and doing activities. PTSD treatments diagnosed comprises of MBSR, MBCT, Mindfulness-Based Exposure Therapy, Meditation Relaxation and Mantrum Repetition Practice. PTSD suffer from intense or frequent symptoms of anxiety, and seizers as well. It is also stated that effective coping strategies of handling PSTD are mindfulness meditation, regaining focus through conducting different kinds of physical activities, aromatherapy, art therapy, pets’ usage, progressive muscle relaxation, mindfulness and social support, behavioral activation followed by distractions, and employing light therapy with utilizing healing qualities of Mother nature.

References

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Hong, S., Kim, H. and Park, M.K., 2021. Impact of COVID‐19 on post‐traumatic stress symptoms in the general population: An integrative review. International journal of mental health nursing30(4), pp.834-846.

Kamkuimo Kengne, S.A., Fossaert, M., Girard, B. and Menelas, B.A.J., 2018. Action-centered exposure therapy (ACET): a new approach to the use of virtual reality to the care of people with post-traumatic stress disorder. Behavioral Sciences8(8), p.76.

Schure, M.B., Simpson, T.L., Martinez, M., Sayre, G. and Kearney, D.J., 2018. Mindfulness-based processes of healing for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine24(11), pp.1063-1068.

Schuster, M. and Dwyer, P.A., 2020. Post‐traumatic stress disorder in nurses: An integrative review. Journal of Clinical Nursing29(15-16), pp.2769-2787.

Slade, P., Sheen, K., Collinge, S., Butters, J. and Spiby, H., 2018. A programme for the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder in midwifery (POPPY): indications of effectiveness from a feasibility study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology9(1), p.1518069.

Turgoose, D., Ashwick, R. and Murphy, D., 2018. Systematic review of lessons learned from delivering tele-therapy to veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder. Journal of telemedicine and telecare24(9), pp.575-585.

Weiss, N.H., Risi, M.M., Sullivan, T.P., Armeli, S. and Tennen, H., 2019. Post-traumatic stress disorder symptom severity attenuates bi-directional associations between negative affect and avoidant coping: A daily diary study. Journal of affective disorders259, pp.73-81.

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