Intellectual property has been a dominant sector in the field of law over the last few decades and experts and legislators are keen in developing the regime every day as it involves several complexities. Though IP laws have some general rules but, in some aspect, it differs from country to country. It has several branches where IP law can be applied like, Patent, Copyright, Design, GI, Trademark etc. Each branch has its own significance and use (Bently & Sherman, 2014). In the present situation, the objective of the paper is to discuss about IP laws and policies in Australia, where there are different statutes for different branches that though follows general rule but is codified according to Australian legislations.
Australian IP law is intended to enhance advancement and ensure organizations that create unique IP with the end goal to have an upper hand. Australia is additionally a signatory to various universal understandings that ensure IP in different nations. IP Australia is the Australian Government organization that oversees IP rights and enactment. The Australian Research Council funds and sets out policies regarding their IP laws in the country. Their policy intends to develop and facilitate research and innovation in this particular field. The council is objected to ensure that its researches are utilized to the fullest and maximize the effectiveness of their funding and even commercialization of intellectual properties (Drahos, 2016). The council does not fund the research program for its own benefit but does it for the benefit of the country and its IP law regime. As a part of their initiative, the following approaches are taken:
- Supporting a community-oriented research division enveloping the Australian, and universal, advanced education areas, industry, business and government
- Encouraging access for business and industry, as real financial specialists in research and advancement, to intellectual property emerging from ARC subsidized research
- Actualizing components to guarantee ARC subsidized research can be best used through
- Intellectual property sharing
- Supporting the security of intellectual property.
According to the council intellectual property includes:
- Copyrights and neighboring rights
- Patent rights
- Plant variety and other marks
- Trade secret and confidential information
- And all other rights arising from IP activities in industrial, scientific and artistic field
IP laws in Australia
Patent Rights:An Australian patent gives a lawful appropriate to prevent outsiders from assembling, utilizing as well as moving a development in Australia. It might likewise be utilized to permit another person to make a development on concurred terms. Australian licenses are controlled by the Patent Office of IP Australia. Australian patent laws are much complicated. IP Australia emphatically suggests counseling a qualified patent proficient before applying for a patent.
Trademark Rights: Australia has an all-around lawful framework that secures the intellectual property of organizations and business people. Organizations can enlist an exchange stamp as an advertising device. An enlisted exchange stamp gives legitimate insurance that keeps others from utilizing your image. Exchange marks are issued and secured broadly (Antons & Logan, 2017).
Design Protection Rights:Australia has a statutory structure for the enlistment of plans. A structure application can be documented containing one plan, a solitary structure in connection to numerous items, or various structures. Applications for enlistment of structures must be recorded with the Designs Office of IP Australia. The Designs Office will evaluate whether the plan meets administrative necessities.
Copyright:Australian copyright law is intended to support and ensure those organizations which put their time and ability in the formation of new material. Australia is likewise a signatory to various universal traditions that bargain with copyright. Material is consequently ensured by copyright in Under the Australian IP law regime no explicit enrollment is required. There are a few exclusions from what is secured and around the utilization of copyrighted properties.
The Intellectual Property Law Amendment Act 2018 amended the Design Act 2003, Patent Act 1990, Plant Breeder’s rights Act 1994, Trademark Act 1995, Copyright Act 1968 and Olympic Insignia Protection act 1987. The amendment act has been categorized in two parts, that is, Schedule 1 and 2, where the Production Commission holds inquiry and review of Australian IP laws (“IP legislation | IP Australia”, 2018). There are several amendments that took place according to the final report of Production Commission and were objected to be implemented with immediate effect. Schedule 1 contains four parts, namely:
Part 1: amended a provision of Copyright act and Trademark Act
Part 2: amended the Plant Breeder Right act in order to allow application of essentially derived variety.
Part 3: amended the Trademark Act in order to change the period that has to expire before actions in relation to trademark can be taken
Part 4: amended the Patent Act to remove the necessity for patentees to give the Secretary of the Department of Health with specific information identifying with pharmaceutical licenses with an all-inclusive term.