Generic Conventions – Types Importance and Examples

Generic Conventions


Generic conventions refer to that component of literature which guides to a particular position in its specified class or genre. These can also be referred to as particular qualities which allow these elements to be classified into respective genres. In order to perceive the different generic conventions, it is important for a simple reader to review story line of a film or of a particular novel and try recalling the elements by which the memory was the stock at a point of time.

In consideration to a horror story it can be articulated that rather than other feelings the mind evoked a substantial level of horrifying sensation. From the point of view of an audience the generic conventions are important in inclining the spectators to a particular trend or a particular motion (Cheyne, 2019). The generic conventions are used for association of the work with the nomenclature of particularity. For evidence it can be stated that in a horror novel The generic conventions would be used in sensifying the element of horror. There are different types of genres.

Types Of Genres

The main sectional divisions of genres are 6 in number. These are mythology, mystery, adventure, science fiction, treasury, and fantasy. There are a few subsections of these genres. These are tragic comedy, action, satire, dystopia, drama, horror, romance, and useful adult fiction.


In this particular genre the elements of literature are intense. There is prevalence of melancholy in the theme and the peak of the generic convention is feasibly the enthusiastic fiasco. For the major part the theme is emphasized on a character which always leads himself or herself to unexpected means fortune. The story of tragedy is associated with various horrible locations concerning the protagonist (Bekhta, 2018). The protagonist is experiencing these occasions and the story is maintaining a baseline of certain gravity in temperament. Hamlet is an important example of a tragedy.

This kind of literature is expected to provide an enthusiastic platform where The reader or observer is confounding genuine questions. To know more about tragedy students can take assistance from SourceEssay online assignment help experts.


This genre is reputed as not being appropriately characterized as it is quite unpredictable. However, an eminent portion of mythology is not investigated to find the predictable links in the stories. The term mythology has a Greek origin and the base words are mythos and logos. Logos means the actual language which is utilized and mythos refer to the story which is endangered by specific individuals. Mythology refers to the story which is proliferated among a specific hand few individuals pertaining to a particular society that is reputed to be particularly devotees (Tuliakova, 2020).

Most of the mythological stories are comparative and talk about a legend who goes through a combination of multiple fantasies. Fantasy is the way of natural life in mythology and the geographical or demographic descriptions particularly impact the mythological story. For evidence, hanumana and other personnel of the vanara sena of Shri Ram in the Ramayana built a bridge with limestone rock pieces with the name of Shri Ram in ripped on each of each. They believed that the stones would float on water if the name of Prabhu Shri Ram were engraved on the stones (Vijayakumar, 2022). The geographical reminiscence of the mythological story shows a reserve lens to a particular stretch of water body on the Indian Ocean between India and Sri Lanka and there are still specimens of particular limestone rocks which float on water (Marefat et al., 2021).

Hence on one hand mythological stories are considered to be folklore about regular devout and characteristics of legendary personalities which are extraordinary. For evidence we can speak about the personality of Achilles in the epic.

Science fiction

Similar to mysological stories the element of science fiction is also difficult to interpret and depict. It is that prospect of literature which bargains to depict a story of friction, based on an element of science which has not been completely established already. The story line follows a theme of scientific prospect which is partial truth as science has not yet established facts around the concept properly. For evidence the story of the Adam project movie can be highlighted where a sentinel of armed forces are chasing a rebel, through time and space. The prospect of time travel is highly debated and there are still some theoretical examinations which show that time travel is actually possible. Science fictions revolve around scientific concepts which are probable truth however there are no concrete fundamental justifications of the concepts to be true in the real time (Goodbody & Johns-Putra, 2019). This segment of literary study investigates the reaction of human kinds to aromatic scientific constructions which they have not apprehended in a real sense in the real time. There is interchange of science and innovation in manifesting plots of story showing equipment or capabilities or other excellence which are generally supported by links of modern science.


The English word mystery is the evolved from of the Latin word called mysterium. Mysterium means a mystery. This literary genre revolves around prominent categories of literary themes like cases of wrong doing which have not been sufficed or circumstances which can be puzzling or mind boggling or any innovative circumstances with the use of heavy illustration and visual effects which refer to a progeny of secrecy and others. The main story in case of a mysteries revolving around revelation of criminals or legendary tragic Hero and encompasses an Epic situation from where the mysterious element was developed (Cox, 2019). The writer of the mystery takes the author in a journey of partial reality and the scepticism enabling the audience or reader to realise powerful fantasies which are somehow linked by force of imagination with reality. For evidence, the incidents of the dark cave in the web series named The Dark, is an example of mystery.To know more about mystery students can take help from research proposal help experts.


This is a particular literary genre which is derived from a word which is actually French referring to significant fate. In the modern English it can be anticipated that adventure refers to any exceptional journey or the scope of experience or extravagant and extraordinary occurrence and so on. The story line or the activities describe in this literature is revolving around the protagonist who is actually experience in the unforeseen circumstances. The circumstances need him to have strong presence of mind along with the brave heart and the courage to face the unforeseen. The films like the journey to a mystery Island or the books like the treasure Island takes the protagonist who transform from being simple person generally associated with normal life to gradually uncover and encompass and adopt the life of adventure to become someone different. In these kinds of stories the protagonist is generally poultry to be experienced exceptional and daring incidence. The protagonist has to overcome some sequence of perilous circumstances with help of something extraordinary or by the forces of will power and might (Vermeulen, 2020). There are various instances where the protagonist narrowly escape tragic outcome with extraordinary manifestation of sightedness and real time knowledge and so on. There is a strong sentiment of uncovering the next outcome in adventure story. It is exhilarating to the reader as the reader constantly keeps on anticipating what is going to happen. The difference between adventure and other kinds of stories which keeps The reader expecting like a horror story or a mystery story is that in adventure The reader is not expecting a particular kind of sensation. For evidence in a horror story The reader is always waiting to be thrilled and horrified. On the contrary in adventure The reader can be happy or thrilled or baffled or horrified or anything else. This is the reason why the emotional State of The reader is always linked with the adventure story. There is equal sense of sensitivity and strong sensation in an adventure for the lover of horror as is the case for a lover of comedy or action and so on.


Similar to mythology the Greek linguistics are the source of the word fantasy. All works done in Literature based on this genre show something incredible which do not exist and has no scope of ever existing on this earth. For evidence the depiction of brilliant extraordinary animals as well as the fictional legend or beast or mysterious elements which are fanciful with superpowers and extraordinary costumes and so on. There is a heavenly touch in fantasy as fantastic elements can not be justified with scientific phenomena or humanly experience (Kampakoglou & Novokhatko, 2018).

Moreover, it is considered as a mainstream genre and fantasy has found prominent acknowledgment among the viewers of movies, television, and games.

The fantasy domain is generally distinguished from the conventional prospect of observing anything that is earthly. The fantasy story generally attempts to reveal the area of the human brain where nobody has shed light so far.

Kinds of generic conventions


According to the dissertation assignment help experts Settings refer to a common generic convention which refers to the conception based on which the story is a set. Selection of an appropriate setting is elementary to development of appropriate characterization in the story which synchronises with the theme and plot. It can be perceived that setting is development of additional manifestations to the characters. For evidence if a character is shown to be extra ordinary humble and team it then the setting of a simple and shady lifestyle and shabby house is evidence (Gruss, 2019). This is referred to as the setting which helps in better portrayal of a character. Sometimes the readers or spectators cannot identify the setting as it is synchronised with the characterization and background to reflect theme of the story properly. This is the reason why readers cannot distinguish and specify the setting from the characters. Settings add extra depth to any character and set the course of the narrative.


As a particular generic convention the element called theme is the principle point of perception which is being investigated in a story. For the major part of the story, theme keeps the literature alive.The theme is the dominant basis on which the entire story acts. For evidence, the story of Oedipus Rex is based on a major theme of love and revenge. Any work of literature has to have at least one or more than one theme in it. The theme cannot be altered within the text. There are various elements and instruments at lay which are employed by the author to communicate theme. These can be either actions or dialogue of the protagonist or antagonist and in some cases these are contemplations or visionary monologues. For evidence the theme of purging repercussions is evident in the story of MacBeth as lady Macbeth observes that no soap in the world can rinse the blood from her hands (Houser, 2020). It is also an implication of the theme of conscience. The theme is not stated openly in any text or other piece of literature but it has to be communicated in a subtle way. For evidence, the theme of any horror story is generally characterised by initially depicting a happy livelihood or a Happy family as the reader would gradually start getting a custom with the happiness or the contrasting tone to the main theme of horror in the story. in the viewpoint of the essay rewriter The horror element would be introduced in the most unexpecting time to give the big shock To The reader who would then perceive the gravity of the theme of the story. The horror stories where the element of horror does not come at the right time, does not get good review from the critics (Buehler et al., 2019). Therefore it can be stated that the ultimate intention of the theme development is allowing The reader to contemplate. The meaning of theme in any piece of literature can be segregated into divisions. Firstly the theme can be perceived as a topic idea in the entire work and must be highlighted in the topic statement. The topic idea is generally alluding to the element that the radiant comprehends the work to bring about as the topic statement alludes to what the work actually speaks about the theme in context.


One of the most prominent generic conventions is the character. Without characters any story is incomplete. Characters are living embodiments. They can be a superhero or an alien or a simple person however always with implications of human form or human form in itself. This is the fundamental of characterization. The living being in the story who realise the entire experience of horror or fantasy or mystery or adventure is the character. However, the character can be any other creature like a dog or cat. It has to be most importantly a living creature. It can be fantastic creatures like Gorilla or Kong as well. The writer is always using the characters for passing on the story line. The characters are exposed to all kinds of action and they engage in dialogue with others which lead to the progress of the main story. The story can be significant if it comprises more than one character. Throughout the entire span of the story, the character is exhibiting contention with internal identity or some circumstance or any exterior factor (Kampakoglou & Novokhatko, 2018). The primary character in any story is the protagonist and the primary negative character is referred to as the antagonist. The story generally revolves around the protagonist and in rare instances it revolves around the antagonist where the antagonist have some unique feature or tragic advantage over the protagonist(s). For evidence by the end of the story Macbeth we sympathize with the antagonist considering him to be a tragic hero.

Therefore a complete story mostly contains a protagonist and antagonist. The protagonist however performs the legendary activity. The antagonist is the person who allows the protagonist to assume the legendary position and is generally portrait as enemy of the protagonist. The antagonist is responsible for creating difficulties and multiple obstacles in the way of the protagonist. The antagonist is helped in his or her act of creating difficulties for the protagonist. The people who either directly or indirectly help the antagonist are referred to as the miscreants.

For evidence in the story of MacBeth the three witches are directly referred to by the author as miscreants.

In describing the prospect of characters in detail it can be stated that the responsibility of carrying the story line forward is on the shoulders of the protagonist. In most cases, the audience waits for what happens to the protagonist throughout the story. Hence the experience of the protagonistic character is the story in itself. The way in which the character or life as portrayed in the story impacts other characters, gives breath and depth to the story (Cox, 2019). The General perception is that the antagonist is an individual character who is always trying to create a difficult way for the protagonist. In this way the antagonist is also setting the tone of the story and the reader expect the antagonist to do something.

The main significance of the balanced presence of protagonist and antagonist in a story is explanation of the fundamental of life which shows that life always have a negative turn off events or a negative side of everything with the happy and positive side. People always try to achieve the happy part of life, however they have to encounter the negative prospects in life to achieve a happy existence.


Iconography refers to a kind of generic convention discussing the science of identification, description, understanding of themes and the topic related with visual arts and classification. It alludes to the use of images by the author in particular work (Vermeulen, 2020). For evidence the use of waning moon and the pitch dark back drop with the site of a storm in the story prepare the spectator for something uncanny to take place. Since the 16 century the reference of iconographical instance shifted from image to insignia gathered from old fashion elements and now it has converted into pictorial terms to be utilised by artists. To know more you can take help from a university assignment help experts .


Generic conventions can be inferred to be essential parameters in developing any story. It helps the observer to figure out the specialization of the story and enables the author to boost the story as well. These conventions are evident in any piece of literature and has always been eminently used by authors or directors or story writers and so on to give depth to the story.

Reference List

Bekhta, N. (2018). Reading experimental literature: unreadability, discomfort and reading strategies. Reading Today. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Buehler, H., Gonon, L., Teichmann, J., Wood, B., Mohan, B., & Kochems, J. (2019).

Cheyne, R. (2019). Disability, literature, genre: representation and affect in contemporary fiction. Liverpool University Press.

Cox, J. (2019). Neo-Victorianism and Sensation Fiction. Springer International Publishing. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Goodbody, A., & Johns-Putra, A. (2019). The rise of the climate change novel. Climate and literature, 229-45. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Gruss, S. (2019). Slippery Pirates: Generic Conventions and Discursive Instability in John Fletcher and Philip Massinger’s Pirate Plays. Humanities9(1), 7.

Houser, H. (2020). Infowhelm: Environmental Art and Literature in an Age of Data. Columbia University Press. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Kampakoglou, A., & Novokhatko, A. A. (Eds.). (2018). Gaze, vision, and visuality in ancient Greek literature. De Gruyter. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Marefat, F., Farahanynia, M., Bolouri, M., Chamani, F., & Soleimani, T. (2021). Generic Structure of Literature Reviews in Research Articles: Iranian and International Journals. 

Tuliakova, N. (2020). Literary Legend in Early Nineteenth-Century Russian Literature: Genre Labeling and Genre Formation. Russian Literature111, 35-59.

Vermeulen, P. (2020). Literature and the Anthropocene. Routledge. Retrieved on 27th June 2022.

Vijayakumar, V. (2022). God as Machine: The Evolution of a Distinctive Indian Science Fiction Cinema. Ruminations: The Andrean Journal of Literature, 65. Protection Status
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