Difference Between Autocratic and Democratic Leadership

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Introduction to Autocratic leadership

A management style known as autocratic leadership involves one individual having complete control of every decision and soliciting almost no input from the other individuals in the group. Autocratic leaders do not prefer to consult with others or seek their suggestions or recommendations when making decisions; rather they prefer to take assistance on Dissertation Writing service, act on their own set of beliefs. One of the competent leaders or teammates makes their decision by representing other members belonging to the same organization and this style of leadership can be recognized as autocratic leadership or managerial style. Generally speaking, businesses with fewer employees and smaller staff tend to use this type of leadership.

Only organizations where that specific kind of work requirements on a frequent note of decision-making successfully recruit leadership style. The leader who belongs to any organization has the liability for that choice and outcome. Although there are some arguments that exist at that particular moment where it is regarded as the flexible leadership kind. As per the Published Forbes report (Forbes. 2023), there are various organizations that are looking to adopt autocratic leadership around their organization and help in eassy typer. Arguments have also been made about autocratic leadership as the best leadership style implemented at a time of complete ignorance of the democratic style that is more deceptive and also even more narcissistic. As per the findings (The Economic Times. 2023), Autocratic leaders carry their responsibility for the embracement of a potential and top-down leadership style. At the time of crisis or with consistent changes in an organization, autocratic leadership can also be proved to be beneficial. Due to the standardized structure of management along with the ability for taking quick judgment calls it would also be able to react to the overall scenario at a quick concern compared with the other existing leadership styles. 

Introduction to Democratic leadership

According to (Felipecarvalhono (2022), democratic leadership can also be termed as participant leadership as it’s a kind of leadership that is one type of leadership where the members have active participation in making decisions. By giving everyone help in Online assignment help in Perth a chance to participate in decision-making, employees meet to discuss and resolve problems. Any organization, including any business, start-up or firm also some educational institutions or Government regulatory bodies can be benefited from this kind of leadership. This leadership approach is a typical one among the others where the research states that it might boost the group morale along with the quality of members’ contributions and range of productivity. 

Each one of the decision-making procedures handled by democratic leadership includes both the leaders and the followers.  Although the leaders have the final statement the team can participate in working together with the aim to solve the issues at the time of brainstorming sessions (AcqNotes. 2022). Concluding that fact it can also be implied as shared or participative leadership. An efficient and productive workforce can be considered as significant for handling the work and belongings on a continuous basis and the democratic leaders who are efficient at their role are aware of this. 

Difference between Autocrqtic and democratic leadership as per their features and application

Pros and cons of Autocratic leadership

Advantages:

Responsiveness is ensured

Under autocratic leadership, less administration and centralization of authority must be consulted before a decision is put into action (Gaille. 2018). Because the leader is the sole decision-maker, the administration might or might not offer additional comments. This facilitates quick judgment, especially in stressful situations where an immediate solution is considered necessary.

Promotes efficiency

Even though they quickly disseminate throughout an organization, autocratic leaders can influence the completion of projects in a more constructive way. Autocratic leaders tend to make and promptly interact with them, making certain that team members have access to all the information they need to complete the project on time. By advising staff members on what to do and how to meet their objectives on time, this type of leader also boosts workplace productivity.

Improves workplace communication

Communication is the exchange of knowledge among coworkers. Whenever there are fewer levels of communication involved, accurate dissemination becomes easier. One-way communication is encouraged under autocratic leadership, and the proper people are informed (Rosing. 2022). Simplifying and improving workplace communication is made possible when the leader explains objectives, standards, and other information to the workforce. In order to ensure the accuracy of the information, an autocratic leader frequently communicates directly with the workforce.

Lessens stress among employees

Autocratic leaders impose rules, regulations, and guidelines at work, yet they are vital in reducing stress levels. These managers take total responsibility for their work, reducing the workload and stress on the workers. Employees who work for an autocratic boss are mostly in charge of adhering to rules and deadlines. So that they can continue to be productive and motivated at work, this system lowers employee stress levels.

Results from teams with little experience

With inexperienced teams, autocratic leaders can get the job done by giving detailed instructions. Employees can profit from the leaders’ competency and replicate their productivity by using their knowledge. Autocratic managers issue clear instructions for their staff to follow and occasionally step in to finish tasks themselves.

Clears up the roles and structures

Autocratic leaders are skilled at establishing precise workplace objectives to aid team members in understanding what they are accountable for completing (Harms et al., 2018). As a result, there is less confusion about job responsibilities and team members have a clear expectation of the job description.

Produces favorable effects at work

It is possible for leaders to produce positive outcomes and raise the bottom line of their organizations when they make wise workplace decisions. They can thus efficiently accomplish business goals with the aid of this kind of leadership.

Enhances the management of crises

They are able to respond to and manage crises and stressful situations because autocratic leaders make most of the decisions in the workplace. When a team’s leader exudes such assurance, morale typically rises.

Disadvantages:

Produces micromanagement

An autocratic leader typically micromanages the small details of the work what their team members are completing (Ashman, et al., 2021). It becomes difficult for employees to carry out their job responsibilities when leader’s micromanage tasks and closely monitor each team’s performance.

Depends too much on the leader’s abilities

Many employees find it challenging to adapt to the workplace due to autocratic leadership’s adherence to structure. The leader’s ethics and principles have an influence on the organizational culture and effectiveness of the business or team, which can result in a hostile work environment. When a young leader adopts an autocratic style, it may not end well.

Prevents a feedback-based culture

The team members’ ability to provide feedback may be discouraged by autocratic leadership, which is another drawback (Peker, et al., 2018). Due to their desire to make decisions quickly, autocratic leaders may not be open to receiving much feedback. An autocratic leader would have to take into account the possibility that a lack of feedback culture at work can result in a decline in innovation and creativity.

Establishes a lack of trust

Only when the team has confidence in the leaders are strong working relationships possible. The challenge of fostering a culture of trust increases if an autocratic leader feels that team members aren’t meeting expectations. A workplace with this kind of culture might not be viable, which would lower productivity all around.

Pros and cons of Democratic leadership

Advantages

Increased employee productivity

Participative management inspires organizational productivity and input, both of which are crucial for boosting morale and productivity (Dyczkowska, and Dyczkowski, 2018). The likelihood that an employee will go above and beyond is higher when they feel that their opinions matter.

Creative thinking and innovation

Respect for one another makes it possible for people to work together successfully and create innovative new ideas. In order to achieve the desired business results, the team members use innovative ideas.

Multiple Concepts

There is no restriction on whom leaders can consult. Senior leaders are more likely to make the right choices when input is provided by front-line workers. Due to this, democratic leaders are more likely to take positions that are advantageous to the largest number of people.

Improves the team

Professionals will devote a significant amount of time to building a stronger team since they will be working together on a particular mission. They will recognize the value of collaboration and will gain confidence and respect through efficient communication. This indicates that democratic leaders are unbiased and do not facilitate greater. Decisions are made based on the best conclusions drawn.

Increased Job Satisfaction

Being told is the most crucial aspect of improving performance and job satisfaction. A democratic leader is involved in the worries of their employees (bin Abdullah, 2021). Leaders who listen to their employees boost employee morale. Furthermore, it signifies happy and content employees who contribute.

Increased understanding of corporate values

The entire staffs display active commitment when democratic leadership is in place. The development, vision, mission, and goals of each employee of the company are also shared by these leaders. As a result, each employee is aware of the company’s goals and current state, and they are also aware of how and where their ideas are shared.

Disadvantages

Insufficient in a crisis

These leaders struggle to arrive at decisions without their group or workforce since they frequently seek out their input. They might not feel sufficiently secure to make a decision in a crisis because they won’t have time to talk to anyone first.

Inadequate knowledge

Even if a democratic leader has the final say, employees may lack the expertise needed to make the best choices. No matter whether a person’s viewpoint is relevant to a decision, it is still crucial to take it. Making of those kind choices could lead to poor choices that do not tackle the issues.

A value is not assigned to each option

There are various opinions and approaches within the office to a given issue or circumstance. Leaders, however, can only pick one. Others in the team may feel excluded because democratic leadership involves opinions, but they must select the best. They could believe that their input is not valued when making decisions.

Procrastination might result

These types of leaders run the risk of entombing themselves in a perilous quagmire. They consult their group for suggestions rather than making a choice. Not always doable due to time constraints. Making a quick decision for the entire team is sometimes part of the job of a leader.

Not everybody should lead in this manner

Team members will respond to certain leadership philosophies better than others. The democratic form of government may be preferred by some. Some individuals might favor strong, direct leadership. In the end, certain personalities prefer to avoid the responsibility that comes with making a choice.

How these different leadership styles can be adopted and applied

The technology available at the company may have a significant impact on the project management procedures, regardless of whether one opts for an autocratic or democratic leadership style. One would be able to assess outcomes and results among team members and reward those who achieved the best outcomes. Taking into account the short-term objective and subordinates, one can choose between the two leadership philosophies. The group’s viewpoint is taken into account by the leaders, who then act accordingly. Additionally, every issue that affects the employees is communicated to them.

Summary

This study focuses on the differences between autocratic and democratic leadership and offers insightful information about their relative advantages. The unique effects of both leadership behaviours are necessary for any organization to gain the trust of followers, but research on autocratic and democratic leadership in emergency situations has not been compared. Our research indicates that it’s critical for leaders to recognize the advantages of combining autocratic and democratic leadership styles during various team performance phases in order to increase follower trust.

Reference

Ashman, M. and Cruthers, A., 2021. 17.1: Leadership and Small Group Communication. Advanced Professional Communication. https://ecampusontario.pressbooks.pub/llsadvcomm/chapter/17-1-leadership-and-small-group-communication/

bin Abdullah, A.S., 2021. Leadership, Task Load And Job Satisfaction: A Review Of Special Education Teachers Perspective. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 12(11), pp.5300-5306. https://turcomat.org/index.php/turkbilmat/article/view/6753

Democratic leadership style (2022) AcqNotes. Available at: https://acqnotes.com/acqnote/careerfields/democratic-leadership-style (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

Dyczkowska, J. and Dyczkowski, T., 2018. Democratic or autocratic leadership style? Participative management and its links to rewarding strategies and job satisfaction in SMEs. Athens Journal of Business & Economics, 4(2), pp.193-218. https://doc.presentica.com/11583738/5ebadfb4d2858.pdf

Felipecarvalhono (2022) Autocratic leadership and Democratic leadership: Benefits and disadvantages – for-managers, For. Available at: https://for-managers.com/democratic-autocratic-leadership/ (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

Gaille, B. (2018) 19 advantages and Disadvantages of Democratic Leadership Style, BrandonGaille.com. Available at: https://brandongaille.com/19-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-democratic-leadership-style/ (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

Harms, P.D., Wood, D., Landay, K., Lester, P.B. and Lester, G.V., 2018. Autocratic leaders and authoritarian followers revisited: A review and agenda for the future. The Leadership Quarterly, 29(1), pp.105-122. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1048984317300814

Leadership strategy (2023) Forbes. Forbes Magazine. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/leadership-strategy/ (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

Peker, S., İnandı, Y. and Gılıç, F., 2018. The relationship between leadership styles (autocratic and democratic) of school administrators and the mobbing teachers suffer. European Journal of Contemporary Education. http://arelarsiv.arel.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/20.500.12294/1439

Rosing, F., Boer, D. and Buengeler, C. (2022) When timing is key: How autocratic and Democratic leadership relate to Follower Trust in emergency contexts, Frontiers in psychology. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9382123/ (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

What is autocratic leadership? definition of autocratic leadership, autocratic leadership meaning (2023) The Economic Times. Available at: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/definition/autocratic-leadership (Accessed: February 10, 2023). 

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