Antisocial Personality Disorder – Symptoms And Causes

Antisocial Personality Disorder
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Introduction

An antisocial personality disorder is a specific mental health issue in which the individual behaves harshly with other people and the person often does not consider what is right and wrong and what is legal and illegal. Individuals who are suffering from antisocial personality disorder often perform unethical deeds and they also do not repent for performing those unethical deeds (Martin et al. 2019). It has been revealed in studies that these people often become violent and are involved in fights with other people they often abuse their family members and neighbors physically and emotionally and perform various illegal works (Gibbon et al. 2020). As these people do not have the capabilities of analyzing what is ethical and unethical, they often become criminals.

For this reason, the individuals who are affected by antisocial personality disorder are often harmful to society and therefore, it is very much important to take necessary initiatives for providing treatment services to these people so that they get quick recovery from this disorder. In order to provide effective support services to these people, it is important to understand the causes and symptoms of antisocial personality disorder. The main objective of the essay is to identify the causes and the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder. The study also tries to suggest possible ways to provide support services to people who are affected by antisocial personality disorder.

Definition Of Antisocial Personality Disorder And Its Common Symptoms

An antisocial personality disorder is a continuously growing issue in many countries of the world. It has been revealed in studies that almost 3% of men and almost 1% of women in the whole world have an antisocial personality disorder. In the United States, almost 0.3% to 0.5% of people are affected by this disorder and the percentage of people affected by this disorder is increasing day by day in the world (Hearing health foundation, 2021). There are various common symptoms of antisocial personality disorder and everyone needs to know about these symptoms so that they can analyze if any of their family members, neighbors, friends, or anyone have this disorder or not. After identifying the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder, it can become easier for a person to take initiative for providing necessary support services to another person who is suffering from the disorder (Johnson, 2019). According to many researchers, people affected by antisocial personality disorder often lie to people and they often mistreat people, and misbehave with people. To know more students can take help from assignment help experts online.

On the other hand, these people also do not take care of the rights of others and they can abuse anyone or can fall people at risk for personal benefits. These people are usually disrespectful towards others and they often breach the law. It has also revealed in studies that people who are affected by antisocial personality disorder often cannot perform their responsibilities towards their family and they also cannot perform their work efficiently in their workplaces (Jones and Wright, 2017). On the other hand, the use of restricted drugs and alcohol is very common among people who are affected by antisocial personality disorder. In some cases, it has also been revealed that people who this type of mental disorder usually become witty and they make false promises to people in order to manipulate their decisions and thoughts they usually do this in order to gain some benefits from others and therefore, these types of people are usually cunning and they do not have any ethical values and principles (Velotti et al. 2018).

Social Impact Of Antisocial Personality Disorder

In many cases, these people often become criminals and they often become murderers, rapists, and gamblers also. For this reason, the increasing number of people having antisocial personality disorder can be very harmful to the social and economic growth of a country. These people remain unemployed and often lose their jobs because of their antisocial behaviors and their incapability of performing their responsibilities following legislations and organizational rules and for this reason, these people cannot contribute significantly to the growth of businesses and the overall economic growth of the country (Thylstrup et al. 2017). On the other hand, these people are often harmful to other people in society as they can harm anyone without thinking much. For this reason, the increasing number of people in the society having antisocial personality disorder can badly affect the health and well-being of other people. Along with that, some studies also reveal that the increasing number of people having antisocial personality disorder in a country can also lead to an increase in corruption, antisocial activities, and murders (Khalifa et al. 2020). Sometimes, tendencies of homicide or suicide can also be seen among people who are affected by antisocial personality disorders. Even the percentage of drug abuse and alcohol abuse can also increase in society because of the continuous increase in the percentage of people having an antisocial personality disorder. Considering all these facts, it can be said that the governments of all countries need to monitor the growing percentage of people having these disorders and the governments of those countries also need to take necessary support to these people so that they can get recovery from this disorder (Thylstrup and Hesse, 2016). In this context, it is also important for people to understand the possible causes of antisocial personality disorder. To know more about the social impact of antisocial personality disorder students can take assistance from university assignment help experts.

Common Causes Of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Though any definite causes behind antisocial personality disorder are not known, in some cases doctors think that the genes of human beings are mainly responsible for antisocial personality disorders. In many cases, it has been revealed in research that if the parents of a person or any other people with whom the person has any blood relation have such antisocial personality disorders, there remain chances that the person can be affected by such disorder also (Derefinko and Widiger, 2016). In some cases, the changes in brain functions or any issues in brain development can also cause issues like an antisocial personality disorder. Some common reasons behind antisocial personality disorders can also be homelessness, anxiety, excessive drug and alcohol use, and others (Black, 2017).

On the other hand, people who have been victims of severe abuse in childhood gradually develop the symptoms of antisocial personality development. When patients having serious mental health disorders are not provided proper treatment for a long period, they also can develop some symptoms of antisocial personality disorders (DeLisi et al. 2019). In order to provide proper support to the people affected by an antisocial personality disorder, the governments and health systems of various countries need to make people aware of the common symptoms of antisocial personality disorders so that people can easily recognize the symptoms of these disorders and can take help from doctors or community workers for providing support to the person who is affected by the antisocial personality disorder (Bateman et al. 2016). In most cases, the individuals having the disorder do not get proper community support and mental health care services just because the family members and friends of those people cannot identify the symptoms of antisocial personality behavior.

Possible Ways To Reduce The Prevalence Rate Of Antisocial Personality Disorder

As the near and dear ones of the individuals fail to recognize the symptoms of the disorder, it usually becomes very late to receive any support services for getting recovery from the disorder (Fisher and Hany, 2019). For this reason, it is very much important for governments of various countries to make people aware of the symptoms of the disorder. In this context, community workers, health care organizations, and government agencies might drive awareness campaigns for making people aware of the common symptoms and causes of antisocial personality disorder so that they can help their near and dear ones to get proper support services if they have this type of disorder.

Along with that, the nurses and the community workers of the countries need to be provided proper training to provide community support services or mental health services for antisocial personality disorder. Without spreading awareness among people and without providing proper training to the community workers, it is not possible to help the individuals who have such disorders. However, in this context, it also cannot be denied that there is no effective cure for antisocial personality disorder (Black, 2022). However, it has been revealed in studies that if the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder are identified properly and the disorder is diagnosed at early childhood or during the teenage, it becomes quite easy to provide effective support services to individuals who have the disorder. On the other hand, a delay in diagnosis can lead to delays in the treatment and therefore, it might become difficult for the health care providers or community workers to ensure the quick recovery of individuals from an antisocial personality disorder (Velotti et al. 2018). For this reason, also it is very much important for the government and healthcare workers, and community workers to make people, in general, aware of the symptoms and causes of antisocial personality disorder.

According to the diploma of nursing assignment help, in developing countries, people usually do not have any idea regarding the concept of antisocial personality disorder and they do not know the symptoms and causes of the disorder. For this reason, the rate of individuals having this disorder is growing continuously in developing countries (Thylstrup et al. 2017). The parents or the family members of a child or a teenager can need to observe the behavior of the children or the teenagers carefully for analyzing if they have any symptoms of antisocial personality disorder. In case, the parents feel that the children feel happy by hurting and abusing others and they are quite fond of doing unethical work, they need to consult mental health professionals or community workers (Khalifa et al. 2020). The treatment or support services for antisocial personality disorder include anger and violence management, behavior management, anxiety management, and in many cases mental health professionals also recommend treatments for depression and alcohol use, and drug misuse.

According to the essay typer, the treatment procedures largely depend on the symptoms that a particular individual has. Individuals having antisocial personality disorder might not have all types of symptoms that have been discussed in the above sections. Therefore, the treatments and support services will be decided considering the symptoms of the individual. Besides providing support services, it is also important to provide required community support services to the family members of the individuals having the disorder (Jones and Wright, 2017). In most cases, individuals having antisocial personality disorder often abuse their spouse, children, and other family members badly and therefore, these people also need to be provided proper support in order to ensure that the negative impact of this disorder in the lives of other people can also be minimized.

Conclusion

The study discusses the symptoms and causes of antisocial personality disorder. From the above discussions, it can be concluded that antisocial personality disorder is a specific type of mental health disorder in which the individuals affected by it finds pleasure in doing unethical work. The people affected by it often abuse their family members and friends physically and emotionally. They often perform various illegal and unethical tasks. The people affected by this disorder usually tell lies and they feel others at risk for their own benefit. It has also been revealed in current research that the people affected by these disorders are often murderers and criminals.

Therefore, the increasing number of these types of people in the society can be harmful to both society and the economic growth of a country. For this reason, the people of a country need to be made aware of the symptoms and causes of the order so that they can get proper support services for their relatives who have this type of disorder. Any definite cause for this disorder is not known but genes and issues in brain functioning and development can cause this type of disorder. Continuous abuse from childhood and untreated mental health disorder can also cause antisocial personality disorder. The treatments for this disorder include anger and violence management, counseling services, treatment for anxiety and depression, treatment services for alcohol and drug misuse, and other related services.

References

Black, D.W., 2022. Bad Boys, Bad Men 3rd Edition: Confronting Antisocial Personality Disorder (Sociopathy). Oxford University Press.

Fisher, K.A. and Hany, M., 2019. Antisocial Personality Disorder.

DeLisi, M., Drury, A.J. and Elbert, M.J., 2019. The etiology of antisocial personality disorder: The differential roles of adverse childhood experiences and childhood psychopathology. 

Bateman, A., O’Connell, J., Lorenzini, N., Gardner, T. and Fonagy, P., 2016. A randomized controlled trial of mentalization-based treatment versus structured clinical management for patients with comorbid borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder.

Derefinko, K.J. and Widiger, T.A., 2016. Antisocial personality disorder. In The medical basis of psychiatry (pp. 229-245). Springer, New York, NY.

Black, D.W., 2017. The treatment of antisocial personality disorder. Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry, 4(4), pp.295-302.

Thylstrup, B. and Hesse, M., 2016. Impulsive lifestyle counseling to prevent dropout from treatment for substance use disorders in people with antisocial personality disorder: A randomized study.

Khalifa, N.R., Gibbon, S., Völlm, B.A., Cheung, N.H. and McCarthy, L., 2020. Pharmacological interventions for antisocial personality disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (9).

Thylstrup, B., Schrøder, S., Fridell, M. and Hesse, M., 2017. Did you get any help? A posthoc secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of psychoeducation for patients with antisocial personality disorder in outpatient substance abuse treatment programs.

Velotti, P., Garofalo, C., D’Aguanno, M., Petrocchi, C., Popolo, R., Salvatore, G. and Dimaggio, G., 2016. Mindfulness moderates the relationship between aggression and antisocial personality disorder traits: Preliminary investigation with an offender sample.

Hearing health foundation, 2021. Percentage of people affected by antisocial personality disorder.

Jones, E.S. and Wright, K.M., 2017. “They’re Really PD Today” An Exploration of Mental Health Nursing Students’ Perceptions of Developing a Therapeutic Relationship With Patients With a Diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder.

Johnson, S.A., 2019. Understanding the violent personality: Antisocial personality disorder, psychopathy, & sociopathy explored. Forensic Research & Criminology International Journal, 7(2), pp.76-88.

Martin, S., Zabala, C., Del-Monte, J., Graziani, P., Aizpurua, E., Barry, T.J. and Ricarte, J., 2019. Examining the relationships between impulsivity, aggression, and recidivism for prisoners with antisocial personality disorder. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 49, p.101314.

Gibbon, S., Khalifa, N.R., Cheung, N.H., Völlm, B.A. and McCarthy, L., 2020. Psychological interventions for antisocial personality disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (9).

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