2014 – 2016 Ebola Crisis: US Preparedness

Ebola Virus

Ebola Virus Disease (EVC) is also known simply as Ebola or as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF). This disease is characterized as being a type of viral hemorrhagic fever which, as the name suggests, is caused by the Ebola virus. The signs and symptoms of this disease can start from day 2 after the individual came in contact with the virus until the second week from the first day of contact. Some of the major symptoms include sore throat, fever, headaches, and muscular pain. This disease gradually leads to a reduction in the function of both the liver and kidneys. Eventually, the individual starts bleeding both internally and externally. This disease has an extremely high risk of death and that risk of death can range from 25% to 90%. Because of this, the World Health Organization (WHO) has been taking strong steps to provide help to the nations which suffer from the Ebola outbreak and the other nations which can be at risk of suffering from such an epidemic.

What is Ebola?

It is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever which has a number of symptoms. The recent Ebola outbreak in many African countries had sparked concern all across the globe. The World Health Organization and many governmental bodies of countries from all across the globe rushed to help the countries in need and take all possible steps to prepare their native countries against such Ebola outbreak. In this article, readers will specifically be able to learn about the US preparation against such an Ebola outbreak. However, before discussing that it is important for readers to understand why this disease is so severe.

The Cause and Symptoms

EVC is caused due to a zoonotic virus which basically means that the Ebola virus originates from animals and then slowly spread to the members of the species of Homo sapiens. Many medical organizations and research facilities are trying to develop vaccines for EVC but have not been successful as of now. However, there is a vaccine named Ebola ca suffit. This vaccine has not completely passed all the tests yet but it was found that this vaccine has proven to be 100% effective for a trial of 4,000 people in Guinea. There are also many symptoms of EVC. And some of those symptoms are:

  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Muscle and joint ache
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • A lack of appetite
  • Red eyes
  • Rash
  • Cough
  • Hiccups
  • Chest pain
  • Sore throat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Bleeding both inside and outside of the body

These are all the major symptoms of EVC. It is also quite interesting to note that many research samples have also shown a low white blood cell count, elevated liver enzymes, and a low platelets count in individuals who are suffering from EVC. It has been found that an individual remains infected as long as the secretion of the individual contains this zoonotic virus.

The History and the Major Ebola Outbreak

According to the official reports, the first cases of EVC occurred in 1976 at two distinct places simultaneously. Since then, cases of EVC have surfaced in many nations across the globe. However, the worst Ebola outbreak in history occurred in 2014. This outbreak mainly affects nations like northern Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. This epidemic has caused almost 11,000 deaths with almost all the deaths occurring in West Africa alone. There were also two imported cases and a few smaller cases in other nations which were successfully controlled by the authorities at the right time. This clearly shows that to avoid an Ebola outbreak, it is important for an individual to practice some sort of preparedness strategies. And currently, the US preparation techniques are the finest. Those US preparation techniques are discussed in the next section of this academic writing piece.

The US Preparation against Ebola

The exact methods through which the EVC causing virus are not known and because of that, it is harder to come up with the exact steps which one can follow to avoid such outbreaks. This is why the US preparation guide highlights a few steps which individuals should take at the personal level if such outbreaks do occur. And some of those steps are:

  • Making it compulsory for all healthcare professionals to wear protective clothing
  • Following all infection control methods like complete sterilization of equipment, routine use of disinfectant, and other crucial steps
  • Isolating the individual suffering from EVC so that other unprotected people cannot become infected with the virus

Apart from these personal measures, mentioned in the US preparation guidelines, which individuals can take to deal with an outbreak, there are also many other important preparations which the USA has made for preventing such an outbreak to occur. And some of those important steps are:

  1. Identify the Individual Suffering from EVC and Identify all of His or Her Contacts

In case of an EVC case in the USA, the first step is to identify the individual who is suffering from EVC and bring that person in for a proper medical checkup. Once the virus causes EVC is confirmed then it is important to begin the diagnostic of that individual and identifying all the other individuals which that person might have come in contact with. This is vital to ensure that the entire population does not become the victim of this biological disease. Once all possible cases are identified then it is important to check them all and rule out the ones who do not have EVC. Individuals who do have EVC would further go through the same procedure.

  1. Improving the Diagnostic Capabilities and Managing the Case

Apart from providing appropriate medical attention to the individuals who are suffering from EVC, it is also important to ensure that the capability of medical professionals and other healthcare professionals are enhanced to deal with individuals who are suffering from this disease. All possible safe treatment options should be practiced to improve the current condition of the individuals who are suffering from EVC.

  1. Communication

When it comes to such deadly diseases then news travels fast. And because of that, it is important to communicate to the entire public about that situation. Everybody should be made aware of all possible things or steps which they should follow to deal with such a deadly disease. All attempts should also be made to squish any rumors or stereotypes against individuals suffering from this disease.

  1. The Research Responses

There is no definitive cure for EVC and because of that, it is important that research and studies should not be stopped. Even in the case of an outbreak, all attempts should be made not just to continue the studies but to continue the studies with an incredibly growing force. This could potentially save a lot of life in dire circumstances.

  1. Providing Support to Neighboring Areas

If there is an area which gets infected by such EVC cases then it is vital to maintain a close watch and practice various steps to ensure that the neighboring areas are as protected as possible.

The Conclusion:

EVC is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever which has a very high death rate. This disease is caused due to a zoonotic virus and was first reported to emerge in 1976. Since then many cases of this disease have been observed but the worst outbreak was the one which occurred in 2016 in West Africa. This outbreak killed almost 11,000 people. There are many symptoms of EVC and some of those symptoms include fever, headache, liver damage, internal bleeding, external bleeding, and stomachache. It is vital for all countries to be prepared to deal with such outbreaks at any possible time. The USA has taken a number of steps to prepare them against such outbreaks.

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