RULES OF REFERENCING STYLES FOR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Share

In academic writing the use of information from any specific source needs to be cited to conduct ethical writing while doing university level assignment. It enables to breadth the research by providing proper citation, referencing and quoting of source material in a common language that is shared in specific discipline. The assignments need to be done under specific guidelines which are provided by the instructor to perform quality work with appropriate authentication. There are specific formatting and referencing style which is provided by the university that need to be followed by the students while doing academic assignments. If the student failed to use appropriate referencing style and formatting then the assignment comes under the failed category.

There are different types of referencing styles which are preferred by the University for citing their work. The referencing style is approved by the university under particular subject. Modern Humanities Research Association is the referencing style which is used for English literature, television, theatre, and film because this referencing style mainly deals with repeated references to a literature text. In English literature the classical version of Modern Humanities Research Association is used where Author-Date version is used under theatre, film, and television.

  • MLA referencing style: It stands for Modern Language Association that mainly focused on the subjects of humanities including English, theatre, modern history, art, and other theoretical writing subjects related to literature. This referencing style is using for since more than half century.
  • APA referencing style: It stands for American Psychological Association which is the preference of social science. If the student is studying psychology, management, sociology, and any other social work.
  • OSCOLA referencing style: It stands for Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities which is used by the students for legislation and legal material in law schools majorly the books published in abroad and the UK. OSCOLA referencing has golden rule where legal writing is considered as persuasive for writing legal matters.
  • CMS referencing style: It stands for Chicago Manual of Style that is pre-dominantly shown in the humanities. It majorly used in the study of advance segment of history.
  • ACS referencing style: It stands for American Chemistry Society Style which is used to write academic research articles in the field of chemistry. It is used by the chemistry students. It provides set of standards that are used by the student to write research report in the standard format.
  • CSE referencing style: It stands for Council of Scientific Experts which is used to write academic assignments in the field of science.
  • IEEE referencing style: It is one of the commonly used referencing styles that stand for Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It helps to write the academic assignments in standard format in the field of engineering, information technology, or any other fields.
  • NLM referencing style: National Library of Medicine is the unique referencing style which is used to write academic assignments in the field of medicine. It is used by the student who are pursuing medical study, management of medical problems, and others
  • Vancouver referencing style: It is the similar referencing style which is used in writing research articles in the field of biomedical science. It is the used to conduct research writing related to the treatment, management of medical conditions, and management of medical treatments.
  • APSA referencing style: It is one of the most effective referencing styles which are used to write the assignments in the field of political science. It stands for American Political Science Association which is used by the students who are pursuing their career in the field of political science and law.
  • Legal Style: It is another form of referencing style which is used by the students who are pursing research in the field of Law. It is mainly used to write legal cases. So it provide legal citation method which is further used to justify the case findings.

Formatting styles

The formatting style is specified by the university which is as follows:

  • Running head: It is the shortened title which contains page number and running head.
  • Margins: The uniform margin is set in MS word software that is 2.54 cm. It is appeared on bottom, top, left, and right of every page.
  • Heading levels: Headings are made as per the requirements of the assignment including heading and sub headings.
  • Lists: In APA style the referencing style the bullet and numbered lists is made where each item of the list is ended with semicolon, comma, and period.
  • Tables: Tabular layout is used to represent the large amount of information where the font size and style is described by the university.
  • Figures: There are different types of figures which are used to show visual representation of work.
  • Table of content: It reflects the summary of topics that is given in the assignment so that the reviewer can check the meeting of criteria as per the rubric.
  • Title page: It is the first page which shows the topic, student name, roll no., university name, running head, institutional affiliation, byline, author, and author note.
  • Serial comma: It is the common between the series of two or three items including width, height, and depth.
  • Quotations: It is considered as the quoted material which is used from another source where appropriate sources are provided including the name of author, yea of publishing and particular date.

The format of every referencing style is different which needs to be followed as mentioned in the university guidelines. University students need to follow the guidelines as per the specific referencing style in order to write appropriate research paper. Instructions are received by the students from university regarding the particular referencing style to be followed. Firstly the topic needs to be selected in particular subject which is to be followed by the students to deliver academic assignment as per the given requirements.