Psychological Disorders: Schizophrenia

Ability of thinking | Schizophrenia
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Introduction
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is one such book that contains information about all kinds of psychological disorders that can develop in an individual. And one such psychological disorder that is included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder is Schizophrenia. This mental disorder is considered extremely serious and is further associated with a condition in which an individual his or her entire reality abnormally. An individual suffering from this mental disorder can experience hallucinations, disordered thinking, delusions, and other kinds of behavioral patterns that might be disabling or might hinder the effective daily functioning of that individual who is suffering from this condition. According to various essay writing pieces, people who suffer from this psychological disorder require a lifelong treatment that can decrease the chances of any serious complication occurring and can also improve their entire outlook on life in the long run. And in this essay writing, readers will be able to learn about all the major symptoms, schizophrenia causes, risk factors, complications, and prevention of this particular mental disorder.

The Symptoms
The schizophrenia causes and symptoms might range from a number of different categories like emotional, cognitive or thinking, and behavioral. Those schizophrenia causes and symptoms can also vary within themselves but the list of the major symptoms of this particular psychological disorder is mentioned below.

Delusions
Delusions can simply be defined as types of false beliefs that do not have any kind of base in reality. A good example of this symptom could be how individual suffering from schizophrenia might believe that the people around him or her might be conspiring against him or her but instead; those people might just be trying to help that individual who is suffering from this psychological disorder. Further, according to many types of essay writing pieces, this symptom is also one of the most frequently occurring symptoms of this mental disorder.

Hallucinations
Hallucinations are one of those psychological disorders symptoms that include an individual to see, hear, or have sensations of things that are not actually present there. Individuals suffering from this mental condition can have any kind of hallucinations but auditory hallucinations are the most common. To learn more about other types of hallucinations readers can also choose to go through various other types of essay writing pieces.

Disorganized Speech or Thinking
Both the symptoms of disorganized speech and disorganized thinking are inferred from one another. And this symptom refers to the behavior of an individual which might refer to not giving complete answers to a question, frequently changing topics abruptly in the middle of a conversation, putting together meaningless words, or other kinds of speech or thinking patterns. There are also many other psychological disorders in which an individual suffering from that mental disorder might show this symptom.

Abnormal Motor Behavior or Extremely Overall Disorganized Behavior
This symptom can show in a number of different ways in an individual who might be suffering from this particular psychological disorder. And some of the ways through which this symptom can show include unpredictable agitation, childlike silliness, behavior that might not be focused on any goal or aim, resistance to instructions, taking up bizarre or inappropriate postures, excessive movements, useless or futile movements, an utter lack of response, and many other harmful or seemingly meaningless behavioral patterns. There are also many types of essay writing pieces that are written on this symptom.

The Negative Symptoms
The term negative symptoms refer to those symptoms that might point to a lack of ability or a reduced ability to perform tasks or function normally in the day to day life. There are many psychological disorders that can have some kind of negative symptoms. For example, an individual who might be suffering from schizophrenia might show a lack of emotion, neglect his or her personal hygiene, maintain a single constant facial expression, fail to maintain eye contact, speak in a monotone, lose interest in everyday activities, withdraw socially, lose the ability to experience pleasure, and many other specific negative symptoms.

These are all the major symptoms that might be present in an individual who might be suffering from this mental disorder. However, it is also important to remember that most of these symptoms do not appear until the individual is in his mid or late 20s. It is extremely uncommon for children or adults above 45 years of age to be diagnosed with schizophrenia.

The Causes
In this section of the essay writing the focus will be on the schizophrenia causes. According to various health professionals, the exact schizophrenia causes are not known yet but there are a few speculated schizophrenia causes which can lead to the development of this particular mental condition. And some of those speculated schizophrenia causes include the specific chemistry of the brain of an individual, the genetic predisposition of an individual, unnatural activity of brain chemicals or neurochemicals like dopamine and glutamate, the structure of the central nervous system, the structure of the brain, and many other environmental or biological factors.

The Risk Factors
As it was mentioned above, that there are many psychological disorders and some of the risk factors associated with this psychological disorder are mentioned below.

    • Having a genetic predisposition or a family history of this medical condition
    • Consumption of any sort of harmful psychotic drug during the past years
    • Birth complications or complications during pregnancy
    • Presence of some kind of inflammation or autoimmune disease

These are some of the most common risk factors that are associated with this mental disorder.

The Complications
There are also many complications that can arise due to any kind of psychological disorders. And some of the complications that can arise due to schizophrenia are mentioned below.

    • Indulging in self-injury
    • Depression
    • Suicidal thoughts or attempts
    • Other medical problems
    • Losing interest in work or school activities
    • Substance abuse or abusing alcohol
    • Indulging in excessive aggressive or hostile behavior
    • Utterly isolating oneself from society
    • Developing obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and many other anxiety disorders
    • Developing other problems related to health
    • Frequent thoughts of suicide
    • Homelessness
    • Facing various financial and legal problems
    • Often being victimized

The Prevention or How to Help
Unfortunately, currently, there is no cure for this mental condition. However, an individual can choose to help somebody who might be suffering from this mental condition. And if an individual comes across somebody who might be suffering from some kinds of psychological disorders or schizophrenia then it is important for that individual to provide complete support and emotional assistance to the individual who is suffering from that mental disorder. It is also recommended that the individual who is suffering from a mental disorder should also seek professional help as soon as possible so that they can lead a somewhat healthy and overall fulfilling life. Seeking professional help will also ensure that the individual suffering from this medical condition is also able to reduce the severity of some of the most harmful symptoms. To learn more about this topic the readers can also go through some other kinds of essay writing pieces.

Conclusion
Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder in which an individual might have a distorted or an abnormal version of the reality. There are also many symptoms of this psychological disorder. And some of those symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, the negative symptoms, abnormal motor behavior, disorganized speech, and thinking, and many other symptoms. Currently, there is also no full proof method of curing this psychological disorder. However, with the right kind of help an individual can reduce the effect of some of the most harmful symptoms and lead their lives in an overall happy manner.

The References
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Legg, J. (2017). Understanding the Symptoms of Schizophrenia. Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/36942.php

Schizophrenia. (2018). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/schizophrenia

Schizophrenia. (2017). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.rethink.org/diagnosis-treatment/conditions/schizophrenia

Schizophrenia: an Overview. (2018). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/mental-health-schizophrenia#1

Schizophrenia. (2018). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/conditions/schizophrenia

Schizophrenia. (2018). Retrieved December 20, 2018 from https://www.nami.org/learn-more/mental-health-conditions/schizophrenia

Tamminga, C. (2018). Introduction to Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/schizophrenia-and-related-disorders/introduction-to-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders

Schizophrenia. (2016). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml

Parekh, R. (2017). What is Schizophrenia?. Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/schizophrenia/what-is-schizophrenia

Hickman, R. (2018). Schizophrenia: Understanding the Mental Illness. Retrieved December 20, 2018, from https://www.verywellmind.com/schizophrenia-what-you-need-to-know-4156588

Wikis Schizophrenia. (2018). Retrieved December 20, 2018, from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophrenia